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Visa Usa: Fortunas Y Extravíos De Los Emigrantes Colombianos En Los Estados Unidos

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  • Alejandro Gaviria

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Abstract

Este artículo intenta responder tres preguntas sobre los emigrantes colombianos en los Estados Unidos, a saber: ¿Cuántos son y cuando llegaron?, ¿cuál es su perfil socioeconómico?, y ¿qué tan grandes son las diferencias salariales respecto a los residentes en Colombia con similar educación y experiencia? Los resultados muestran que la población emigrante está por debajo del millón de habitantes (a pesar de la aceleración reciente de los flujos migratorios), que los emigrantes tienen al menos tres años más de educación que los residentes en Colombia, y que sus ingresos laborales son al menos dos veces mayores. Los resultados muestran, de otro lado, que la emigración hacia Estados Unidos es una alternativa viable para hogares de clase media en dificultades, no para hogares pobres en busca de mejores oportunidades.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Gaviria, 2004. "Visa Usa: Fortunas Y Extravíos De Los Emigrantes Colombianos En Los Estados Unidos," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003766, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:003766
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/D2004-17.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Barry R. Chiswick, 1999. "Are Immigrants Favorably Self-Selected? An Economic Analysis," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 147, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
    2. Carrington, William J & Detragiache, Enrica & Vishwanath, Tara, 1996. "Migration with Endogenous Moving Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(4), pages 909-930, September.
    3. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116.
    4. Michel Beine & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2002. "Brain Drain and LDCs' Growth: Winners and Losers," Working Papers 2002-08, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics.
    5. William Carrington & Enrica Detragiache, 1998. "How Big is the Brain Drain?," IMF Working Papers 98/102, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Barry Chiswick, 1999. "Are Immigrants Favorably Self-Selected?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 181-185, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Carlos Medina & Lina Cardona, 2010. "The Effects of Remittances on Household Consumption, Education Attendance and Living Standards: the Case of Colombia," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 72, pages 11-44.
    2. Lina Cardona Sosa & Carlos Medina, 2006. "Migration as a Safety Net and Effects of Remittances on Household Consumption: The Case of Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003219, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. Carlos Medina & Christian Manuel Posso, 2009. "Colombian and South American Immigrants in the United States of America: Education Levels, Job Qualifications and the Decision to Go Back Home," Borradores de Economia 572, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Maurice Kugler, 2006. "Migrant Remittances, Human Capital Formation and Job Creation Externalities in Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003218, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    5. Ricardo Argüello C, 2011. "The international economic crisis and the colombian economy," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 008574, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
    6. Sandra Liliana Botón Gómez & Patricia González Román, 2010. "Una revisión a los estudios sobre Migración Internacional en Colombia," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA, June.
    7. Alejandro Gaviria, 2010. "Cambio social en Colombia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 007714, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    8. Ximena Cadena Ordóñez & Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María, 2004. "Las remesas en Colombia: costos de transacción y lavado de dinero," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 003127, FEDESARROLLO.
    9. Edgard Polanco, 2009. "Asimilación laboral de los inmigrantes colombianos en Estados Unidos," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migración;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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