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Asimilación laboral de los inmigrantes colombianos en Estados Unidos

  • Edgard Polanco

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    La migración internacional de colombianos es un tema de interésdebido la gran cantidad de colombianos en el exterior. Para el año 2005 habíaaproximadamente 5 millones de colombianos fuera del país. Comparados con lapoblación total de Colombia los nacidos en Colombia que viven en el exteriorson el 11% de la población. Este estudio detalla la asimilación de colombianosempleando datos del censo de los Estados Unidos del año 2000. Los resultadosindican que los inmigrantes colombianos demoran entre 20 y 30 años en cerrarla brecha salarial y que se asimilan más rápido que los demas inmigrantes.**International emigration of Colombians has become an interestingresearch subject given its increasing numbers. By 2005 there were approximately5 millions of Colombians living abroad. They represent 11% of thetotal Colombian population. On this study we analyze the labor inception ofColombian migrants in the USA labor market by using data from the USA 2000Population Census. The results point out that for Colombian migrants it takesbetween 20 and 30 years for them to close the wage gap with their Americancounterparts and that they actually get assimilated faster than migrants fromother Latin American countries.

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    File URL: http://www.urosario.edu.co/economia/documentos/vol12n1_Polanco.pdf
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    Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

    Volume (Year): (2009)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000151:006225
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    1. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
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    3. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Sara de la Rica, 2007. "Labour Market Assimilation of Recent Immigrants in Spain," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 45(2), pages 257-284, 06.
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    6. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
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    8. Alejandro Gaviria & Carolina Mejía, 2005. "Las varias caras de la diáspora: los nexos de los migrantes colombianos con su país de origen," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 006882, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    9. Frank Bean & B. Lowell & Lowell Taylor, 1988. "Undocumented Mexican immigrants and the earnings of other workers in the United States," Demography, Springer, vol. 25(1), pages 35-52, February.
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    11. Hatton, Timothy J. & Leigh, Andrew, 2007. "Immigrants Assimilate as Communities, Not Just as Individuals," IZA Discussion Papers 2538, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    12. Slobodan Djajić, 2003. "Assimilation of immigrants: Implications for human capital accumulation of the second generation," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 831-845, November.
    13. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Kusum Mundra, 2007. "Social networks and their impact on the earnings of Mexican Migrants," Demography, Springer, vol. 44(4), pages 849-863, November.
    14. Alejandro Gaviria, 2004. "Visa Usa: Fortunas Y Extravíos De Los Emigrantes Colombianos En Los Estados Unidos," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003766, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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