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Credit Contraction and International Trade: Evidence from Chilean Exporters

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Listed:
  • Ari Aisen
  • Roberto Álvarez
  • Andrés Sagner
  • Javier Turén

Abstract

An important consequence of the recent financial crisis was the collapse of global trade. Using data of Chilean exporting firms, this paper studies the effect of financial constraints on export growth in the aftermath of the crisis. Our results show that both overall financing and export credit were significant determinants of export contraction in the Chilean case. However, the effect is highly heterogeneous. The evidence shows that larger exporters, belonging to industries more dependent on overall credit, have suffered disproportionately more. This has important policy implications, as public policy aiming at stimulating trade credit may not be as effective if overarching credit conditions remain subdued.

Suggested Citation

  • Ari Aisen & Roberto Álvarez & Andrés Sagner & Javier Turén, 2011. "Credit Contraction and International Trade: Evidence from Chilean Exporters," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 639, Central Bank of Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:639
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Greenaway, David & Guariglia, Alessandra & Kneller, Richard, 2007. "Financial factors and exporting decisions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 377-395, November.
    2. Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1998. "Financial Dependence and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 559-586, June.
    3. Chor, Davin & Manova, Kalina, 2012. "Off the cliff and back? Credit conditions and international trade during the global financial crisis," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 117-133.
    4. Andrew Bernard & J Bradford Jensen & Stephen Redding & Peter Schott, 2009. "The Margins of U.S. Trade (Long Version)," Working Papers 09-18, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    5. Daniel Paravisini & Veronica Rappoport & Philipp Schnabl & Daniel Wolfenzon, 2015. "Dissecting the Effect of Credit Supply on Trade: Evidence from Matched Credit-Export Data," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 82(1), pages 333-359.
    6. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Stephen J. Redding & Peter K. Schott, 2009. "The Margins of US Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 487-493, May.
    7. Jonathan Eaton & Samuel Kortum & Brent Neiman & John Romalis, 2016. "Trade and the Global Recession," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(11), pages 3401-3438, November.
    8. Mary Amiti & David E. Weinstein, 2011. "Exports and Financial Shocks," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(4), pages 1841-1877.
    9. Bricongne, Jean-Charles & Fontagné, Lionel & Gaulier, Guillaume & Taglioni, Daria & Vicard, Vincent, 2012. "Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 134-146.
    10. Manova, Kalina, 2008. "Credit constraints, equity market liberalizations and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 33-47, September.
    11. Beck, Thorsten & Levine, Ross, 2002. "Industry growth and capital allocation:*1: does having a market- or bank-based system matter?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 147-180, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Roberto Álvarez & Camila Sáez, 2015. "Post-Crisis Financiera y Expansión de las Exportaciones: Micro-Evidencia para Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 748, Central Bank of Chile.
    2. International Monetary Fund, 2012. "Chile; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 12/266, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Yi Wu, 2012. "Performance of Publicly Listed Chilean Firms During the 2008-2009 Global Financial Crisis," IMF Working Papers 12/261, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Lo Turco, Alessia & Maggioni, Daniela, 2014. "The micro evolution of trade and turnover in Turkey under the global crisis," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 397-414.
    5. Álvarez, Roberto & Sáez, Camila, 2014. "“Post financial crisis and exports expansion: Micro-evidence from Chilean exporters”," MPRA Paper 60637, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Caetani, Maria Inês & Alvim, Augusto Mussi & Hubbard, Carmem, 2015. "The Effects of the Costs of Trade Transaction and Free Trade in the International Soy Market," 89th Annual Conference, April 13-15, 2015, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 204202, Agricultural Economics Society.

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