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Credit Contraction and International Trade: Evidence from Chilean Exporters

  • Ari Aisen
  • Roberto Álvarez
  • Andrés Sagner
  • Javier Turén

An important consequence of the recent financial crisis was the collapse of global trade. Using data of Chilean exporting firms, this paper studies the effect of financial constraints on export growth in the aftermath of the crisis. Our results show that both overall financing and export credit were significant determinants of export contraction in the Chilean case. However, the effect is highly heterogeneous. The evidence shows that larger exporters, belonging to industries more dependent on overall credit, have suffered disproportionately more. This has important policy implications, as public policy aiming at stimulating trade credit may not be as effective if overarching credit conditions remain subdued.

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Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 639.

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Date of creation: Aug 2011
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:639
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  1. Davin Chor & Kalina Manova, 2010. "Off the Cliff and Back? Credit Conditions and International Trade during the Global Financial Crisis," Working Papers 08-2010, Singapore Management University, School of Economics.
  2. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Stephen Redding & Peter K. Schott, 2009. "The margins of US trade," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 25498, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Bernard, Andrew B. & Jensen, J Bradford & Redding, Stephen J. & Schott, Peter K., 2009. "The Margins of US Trade (Long Version)," CEPR Discussion Papers 7156, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Mary Amiti & David E. Weinstein, 2009. "Exports and Financial Shocks," NBER Working Papers 15556, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Raghuram G. Rajan & Luigi Zingales, 1996. "Financial Dependence and Growth," NBER Working Papers 5758, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Bricongne, Jean-Charles & Fontagné, Lionel & Gaulier, Guillaume & Taglioni, Daria & Vicard, Vincent, 2012. "Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 134-146.
  7. Samuel S. Kortum & Jonathan Eaton & Brent Neiman & John Romalis, 2010. "Trade and the Global Recession," DEGIT Conference Papers c015_002, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  8. Paravisini, Daniel & Rappoport, Veronica & Schnabl, Philipp & Wolfenzon, Daniel, 2010. "Dissecting the Effect of Credit Supply on Trade: Evidence from Matched Credit-Export Data," Working Papers 2010-022, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  9. Greenaway, David & Guariglia, Alessandra & Kneller, Richard, 2007. "Financial factors and exporting decisions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 377-395, November.
  10. repec:ner:tilbur:urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3125514 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Veronica Rappoport & Philipp Schnabl & Daniel Wolfenzon & Daniel Paravisini, 2011. "Dissecting the Effect of Credit Supply on Trade: Evidence from Matched Credit-Export Data," 2011 Meeting Papers 180, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  12. Thorsten Beck & Ross Levine, 2002. "Industry Growth and Capital Allocation: Does Having a Market- or Bank-Based System Matter?," NBER Working Papers 8982, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Manova, Kalina, 2008. "Credit constraints, equity market liberalizations and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 33-47, September.
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