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Chancengleichheit im Schulsystem: Internationale deskriptive Evidenz und mögliche Bestimmungsfaktoren

  • Gabriela Schütz
  • Ludger Wößmann

    ()

Mikroökonometrische Schätzungen anhand internationaler Schülerleistungstests zeigen,dass das Ausmaß, in dem Schülerleistungen mit dem familiären Hintergrund variieren,international sehr unterschiedlich ist. So weisen etwa Frankreich und Kanada wesentlichausgeglichenere Bildungschancen für Kinder unterschiedlicher familiärer Herkunft aufals Deutschland und Großbritannien. Verschiedene empirische Identifikationsstrategienbelegen, dass Schulsysteme mit späterer Mehrgliedrigkeit und einem umfassenderenVorschulsystem systematisch ausgeglichenere Bildungschancen bieten. Dagegen findetsich kein systematischer Zusammenhang der Chancengleichheit mit Ganztagsschulsystemen,dem Ausgabenniveau oder der Durchschnittsleistung.

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File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/WP/WP-Ifo_Working_Papers/wp-ifo-2005-2010/IfoWorkingPaper-17.pdf
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Paper provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series Ifo Working Paper Series with number Ifo Working Papers No.17.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_no.17
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  1. Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 2001. "Asymptotic Properties Of Weighted M-Estimators For Standard Stratified Samples," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(02), pages 451-470, April.
  2. Ludger Woessmann, 2004. "How Equal Are Educational Opportunities? Family Background and Student Achievement in Europe and the United States," CESifo Working Paper Series 1162, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Moulton, Brent R., 1986. "Random group effects and the precision of regression estimates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 385-397, August.
  4. Stephen Nickell, 2003. "Poverty and Worklessness in Britain," CEP Discussion Papers dp0579, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  5. Hanushek, Eric A. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2005. "Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences-in-Differences Evidence across Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 1901, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Anderson, Patricia M, 1993. "Linear Adjustment Costs and Seasonal Labor Demand: Evidence from Retail Trade Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(4), pages 1015-42, November.
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