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Chancengleichheit im Schulsystem: Internationale deskriptive Evidenz und mögliche Bestimmungsfaktoren

Author

Listed:
  • Gabriela Schütz
  • Ludger Wößmann

    ()

Abstract

Mikroökonometrische Schätzungen anhand internationaler Schülerleistungstests zeigen, dass das Ausmaß, in dem Schülerleistungen mit dem familiären Hintergrund variieren, international sehr unterschiedlich ist. So weisen etwa Frankreich und Kanada wesentlich ausgeglichenere Bildungschancen für Kinder unterschiedlicher familiärer Herkunft auf als Deutschland und Großbritannien. Verschiedene empirische Identifikationsstrategien belegen, dass Schulsysteme mit späterer Mehrgliedrigkeit und einem umfassenderen Vorschulsystem systematisch ausgeglichenere Bildungschancen bieten. Dagegen findet sich kein systematischer Zusammenhang der Chancengleichheit mit Ganztagsschulsystemen, dem Ausgabenniveau oder der Durchschnittsleistung.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabriela Schütz & Ludger Wößmann, 2005. "Chancengleichheit im Schulsystem: Internationale deskriptive Evidenz und mögliche Bestimmungsfaktoren," ifo Working Paper Series _no.17, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_no.17
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/IfoWorkingPaper-17.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Wössmann, 2006. "Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences- in-Differences Evidence Across Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(510), pages 63-76, March.
    2. Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 2001. "Asymptotic Properties Of Weighted M-Estimators For Standard Stratified Samples," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(02), pages 451-470, April.
    3. Stephen Nickell, 2004. "Poverty And Worklessness In Britain," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(494), pages 1-25, March.
    4. Ludger Wößmann, 2004. "How Equal Are Educational Opportunities? Family Background and Student Achievement in Europe and the United States," CESifo Working Paper Series 1162, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Patricia M. Anderson, 1993. "Linear Adjustment Costs and Seasonal Labor Demand: Evidence from Retail Trade Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(4), pages 1015-1042.
    6. Moulton, Brent R., 1986. "Random group effects and the precision of regression estimates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 385-397, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gabriela Schütz & Ludger Wößmann, 2005. "Wie lässt sich die Ungleichheit der Bildungschancen verringern?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 58(21), pages 15-25, November.
    2. Jean Bourdon & Katharina Michaelowa, 2006. "The Impact of Student Diversity in Secondary Schools : An Analysis of the International PISA Data and Implications for the German Education System," Post-Print halshs-00092674, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Chancengleichheit; Bildungsökonomik; Schülerleistungen; TIMSS; familiärer Hintergrund; soziale Selektivität; Mehrgliedrigkeit; Vorschulsystem;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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