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Financial Education in Schools: A Meta-Analysis of Experimental Studies

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  • Tim Kaiser
  • Lukas Menkhoff

Abstract

We study the literature on school financial education programs for children and youth via a quantitative meta-analysis of 37 (quasi-) experiments. We find that financial education treatment has, on average, a significant and sizeable impact on financial knowledge (+0.25 SD), similar to educational interventions in other domains. Additionally, we document small but still significant effects on financial behaviors (+0.05 SD). These results are robust to restricting the sample to 18 randomized experiments and they hold irrespective of the meta-analytic method used. Metaregressions show the beneficial effect of more intensive treatments and smaller class size, albeit with decreasing marginal returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Tim Kaiser & Lukas Menkhoff, 2018. "Financial Education in Schools: A Meta-Analysis of Experimental Studies," CESifo Working Paper Series 7395, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_7395
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    3. Maldonado, Joana Elisa & De Witte, Kristof, 2021. "The impact of information provision to parents: Experimental evidence on student outcomes," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C).
    4. Manuel Salas‐Velasco & Dolores Moreno‐Herrero & José Sánchez‐Campillo, 2021. "Teaching financial education in schools and students' financial literacy: A cross‐country analysis with PISA data," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(3), pages 4077-4103, July.
    5. Gilenko, Evgenii & Chernova, Aleksandra, 2021. "Saving behavior and financial literacy of Russian high school students: An application of a copula-based bivariate probit-regression approach," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 127(C).
    6. Hugo Reis & Lara Wemans, 2022. "Financial literacy of 15 years-old in Portugal: Evidence from PISA 2018," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    7. Corsini, Lorenzo & Giannelli, Gianna Claudia, 2021. "Economics education and financial literacy acquisition: Evidence from a field experiment," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C).
    8. Rodriguez-Raga, Santiago & Martinez-Camelo, Natalia, 2022. "Game, guide or website for financial education improvement: Evidence from an experiment in Colombian schools," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C).
    9. Urban, Carly, 2022. "Does State-Mandated Financial Education Reduce High School Graduation Rates?," IZA Discussion Papers 15402, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Kaiser, Tim & Lusardi, Annamaria & Menkhoff, Lukas & Urban, Carly, 2022. "Financial education affects financial knowledge and downstream behaviors," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 145(2), pages 255-272.
    11. Joana Elisa Maldonado & Kristof De Witte & Koen Declercq, 2022. "The effects of parental involvement in homework: two randomised controlled trials in financial education," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 62(3), pages 1439-1464, March.
    12. Miriam Bruhn & Gabriel Garber & Sergio Koyama & Bilal Zia, 2022. "The Long-Term Impact of High School Financial Education: evidence from Brazil," Working Papers Series 563, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    13. Andrej Cupák & Pirmin Fessler & Maria Silgoner & Elisabeth Ulbrich, 2021. "Exploring Differences in Financial Literacy Across Countries: The Role of Individual Characteristics and Institutions," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 158(2), pages 409-438, December.
    14. Hiroko Araki & Juan Nelson Martinez Dahbura, 2021. "The Heterogeneous Relationship Between Financial Education and Investment Behavior in Japan," Keio-IES Discussion Paper Series 2021-018, Institute for Economics Studies, Keio University.
    15. Kaiser, Tim & Oberrauch, Luis, 2022. "Economic Education at the Expense of Indoctrination? Evidence from Germany," VfS Annual Conference 2022 (Basel): Big Data in Economics 264045, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    16. Kaiser, Tim & Oberrauch, Luis, 2021. "Economic education at the expense of indoctrination? Evidence from Germany," EconStor Preprints 245801, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    17. Borraz, Fernando & Caro, Ana & Caño-Guiral, Maira & Roa, María José, 2021. "Financial education for youth: A randomized evaluation in Uruguay," GLO Discussion Paper Series 881, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    18. Tim Kaiser & Luis Oberrauch & Günther Seeber, 2020. "Measuring economic competence of secondary school students in Germany," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(3-4), pages 227-242, August.
    19. De Beckker, Kenneth & De Witte, Kristof & Van Campenhout, Geert, 2021. "The effect of financial education on students’ consumer choices: Evidence from a randomized experiment," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 188(C), pages 962-976.
    20. Neumann, Uwe & Schaffner, Sandra & Eilers, Lea, 2019. "Bedeutung finanzieller Grundkompetenzen aus regionaler Perspektive. Gefördert durch die Dr. Josef und Brigitte Pauli-Stiftung," RWI Projektberichte, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, number 222358.
    21. Eberle, Mira & Oberrauch, Luis, 2022. "What a difference three years of economics education make: Evidence from lower-track schools in Germany," EconStor Preprints 250909, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    22. Isler, Ozan & Rojas, Andres & Dulleck, Uwe, 2022. "Easy to shove, difficult to show: Effect of educative and default nudges on financial self-management," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C).
    23. Horia Ioan Tulai & Codruța Maria Făt & Daniela Georgeta, 2021. "The current framework of financial education in Romania in the context of the informational economy," Journal of Financial Studies, Institute of Financial Studies, vol. 10(6), pages 33-47, May.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial education; financial literacy; financial behavior; meta-analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • A21 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - Pre-college
    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance

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