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Trade Liberalization and Environmental Taxation in Federal Systems

  • Per G. Fredriksson
  • Xenia Matschke

The literature on trade liberalization and environment has not considered federal structures. This paper shows how the design of environmental policy in a federal system has implications for the effects of trade reform. Trade liberalization leads to a decline in pollution taxes regardless of whether pollution taxes are set at the federal (centralized) or local (decentralized) level, and it increases social welfare. The effect under a decentralized system is smaller than if these taxes are set by the federal government, and pollution emissions therefore decline in this case. Moreover, majority bias interacts with trade liberalization if federal taxes are used.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 4717.

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Date of creation: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4717
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