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The Impact of Immigration on Occupational Wages: Evidence from Britain

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  • Stephen Nickell
  • Jumana Saleheen

Abstract

This paper asks whether immigration to Britain has had any impact on average wages. There seems to be a broad consensus among academics that the share of immigrants in the workforce has little or no effect on the pay rates of the indigenous population. But the studies in the literature have typically not refined their analysis by breaking it down into different occupational groups. In this paper we find that once the occupational breakdown is incorporated into a regional analysis of immigration in Britain, the immigrant-native ratio has a significant, small, negative impact on average wages. Closer examination reveals that the biggest impact is in the semi/unskilled services sector. This finding accords well with intuition and anecdote, but does not seem to have been recorded previously in the empirical literature.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen Nickell & Jumana Saleheen, 2009. "The Impact of Immigration on Occupational Wages: Evidence from Britain," SERC Discussion Papers 0034, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:cep:sercdp:0034
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Divide-and-rule
      by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2012-12-17 20:45:31
    2. Talking about immigration
      by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-03-08 21:30:30
    3. UKIP: the victory of the ruling class
      by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-05-04 16:44:21
    4. Immigration, class & ideology
      by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-06-29 17:52:28
    5. Immigration, Class, & Ideology
      by Mark Thoma in Economist's View on 2013-06-30 21:36:50
    6. Labour's cost of living problem
      by ? in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-08-24 17:11:00
    7. Non-issues
      by ? in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2014-02-05 20:23:00
    8. The left & immigration
      by ? in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2014-05-27 19:08:00
    9. Immigration & the media
      by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2011-07-18 19:40:04
    10. Miliband on immigration
      by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2010-09-29 18:05:08
    11. Immigration: let's not be reasonable
      by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2012-11-02 19:40:42
    12. Immigration & irrationalism
      by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-03-26 19:26:19
    13. Immigration & spontaneous order
      by chris in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2014-11-29 19:38:17
    14. The impact of immigration on occupational wages: evidence from Britain
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2016-02-12 18:26:00

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Christian Dustmann & Tommaso Frattini & Caroline Halls, 2010. "Assessing the Fiscal Costs and Benefits of A8 Migration to the UK," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 31(1), pages 1-41, March.
    2. Siudek, Tomasz & Zawojska, Aldona, 2016. "Foreign labour in agricultural sectors of some EU countries," 160th Seminar, December 1-2, 2016, Warsaw, Poland 249797, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Max Viskanic, 2020. "Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail: Did Immigration Cause Brexit?," Sciences Po publications 100, Sciences Po.
    4. Rachel Griffith & Rodrigo Lluberas & Melanie Lührmann, 2016. "Gluttony and Sloth? Calories, Labor Market Activity and the Rise of Obesity," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 14(6), pages 1253-1286.
    5. Torben M.Andersen & GiuseppeBertola & JohnDriffill & ClemensFuest & HaroldJames & Jan-EgbertSturm & BrankoUroševic, 2017. "Chapter 3: Britain and EUexit – The People Versus the EU," EEAG Report on the European Economy, CESifo, vol. 0, pages 67-81, March.
    6. Ray Barrell & John Fitzgerald & Rebecca Riley, 2010. "EU Enlargement and Migration: Assessing the Macroeconomic Impacts," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48, pages 373-395, March.
    7. Thomas Sampson, 2017. "Brexit: The Economics of International Disintegration," CEP Discussion Papers dp1499, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    8. Stephen Nickell & Jumana Saleheen, 2017. "The impact of EU and Non-EU immigration on British wages," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 7(1), pages 1-28, December.
    9. Julie Fry, 2014. "Migration and Macroeconomic Performance in New Zealand: Theory and Evidence," Treasury Working Paper Series 14/10, New Zealand Treasury.
    10. Neil Lee & Katy Morris & Thomas Kemeny, 2018. "Immobility and the Brexit vote," Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 11(1), pages 143-163.
    11. Arnorsson, Agust & Zoega, Gylfi, 2018. "On the causes of Brexit," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 301-323.
    12. Thomas Sampson, 2017. "Brexit: The Economics of International Disintegration," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 31(4), pages 163-184, Fall.
    13. Jonathan Wadsworth, 2014. "Immigration, the European Union and the UK Labour Market," CEP Policy Analysis Papers 015, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    14. Ray Barrell & John Fitzgerald & Rebecca Riley, 2010. "EU Enlargement and Migration: Assessing the Macroeconomic Impacts," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48, pages 373-395, March.
    15. Nicholas Oulton, 2019. "The UK and Western Productivity Puzzle: Does Arthur Lewis Hold the Key?," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 36, pages 110-141, Spring.
    16. Wenlang Zhang & Gaofeng Han, 2013. "How have Labour Market Developments Affected Labour Costs in China?," Working Papers 072013, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    17. Bisello, Martina, 2014. "How does immigration affect natives’ task-specialisation? Evidence from the United Kingdom," ISER Working Paper Series 2014-12, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    18. Thomas Sampson, 2017. "Brexit: The Economics of International Disintegration," CESifo Working Paper Series 6668, CESifo.
    19. Sampson, Thomas, 2017. "Brexit: the economics of international disintegration," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86591, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    20. Lemos, Sara, 2017. "Mind the gap: A detailed picture of the immigrant-native earnings gap in the UK using longitudinal data between 1978 and 2006," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 57-75.
    21. Clark, Ken & Drinkwater, Stephen & Robinson, Catherine, 2014. "Migration, Economic Crisis and Adjustment in the UK," IZA Discussion Papers 8410, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    22. Blanchflower, David G. & Lawton, Helen, 2008. "The Impact of the Recent Expansion of the EU on the UK Labour Market," IZA Discussion Papers 3695, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    23. Martina Bisello, 2013. "Job polarization in Britain from a task-based perspective.Evidence from the UK Skills Surveys," Discussion Papers 2013/160, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    24. Luca Barbone & Andrew Dabalen, 2009. "Enhancing the development impact of migration," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 40(6), pages 59-76.
    25. Manuel González Gómez & Mª Soledad Otero Giráldez, 2017. "The causality between economic growth and immigration in EU/EFTA member states," Working Papers 1701, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Immigration; occupation; wages;

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

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