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Health Insurance Reform and Efficiency of Township Hospitals in Rural China: An Analysis from Survey Data

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  • Xiao Xian HUANG

    ()

  • Aurore PELISSIER

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Jacky MATHONNAT

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Martine AUDIBERT

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Anning MA

Abstract

In the rural health-care organization of China, township hospitals ensure the delivery of basic medical services. Particularly damaged by the economic reforms implemented from 1975 to the end of the 1990s, township hospitals efficiency is questioned, mainly with the implementation since 2003 of the reform of health insurance in rural areas. From a database of 24 randomly selected township hospitals observed over the period 2000-2008 in Weifang prefecture (Shandong), the study examines the efficiency of township hospitals through a two-stage approach. As curative and preventive medical services delivered at township hospital level use different production processes, two data envelopment analysis models are estimated with different orientation chosen to compute scores. Results show that technical efficiency declines over time. Factors explaining the technical efficiency are mainly environmental characteristics rather than internal factors, but our results suggest also that in the context of China, the efficiency of township hospitals is influenced by unobservable factors.

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  • Xiao Xian HUANG & Aurore PELISSIER & Jacky MATHONNAT & Martine AUDIBERT & Anning MA, 2011. "Health Insurance Reform and Efficiency of Township Hospitals in Rural China: An Analysis from Survey Data," Working Papers 201111, CERDI.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:1257
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    Cited by:

    1. Laurène PETITFOUR & Xiezhe HUANGFU & Martine AUDIBERT & Jacky MATHONNAT, 2017. "Efficiency of township hospitals in China in the context of the drug policy reform: Progress should not get bogged in midstream - A case study from a survey in Weifang prefecture," Working Papers P185, FERDI.
    2. Wanke, Peter & Barros, Carlos Pestana, 2016. "Efficiency drivers in Brazilian insurance: A two-stage DEA meta frontier-data mining approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 8-22.
    3. Laurène PETITFOUR & Xiezhe HUANGFU & Martine AUDIBERT & Jacky MATHONNAT, 2017. "Efficiency of township hospitals in China in the context of the drug policy reform: Progress should not get bogged in midstream - A case study from a survey in Weifang prefecture," Working Papers P185, FERDI.
    4. Laurene Petitfour & Xiezhe Huangfu & Martine Audibert & Jacky Mathonnat, 2015. "Estimating and explaining the efficiency of township hospitals in Shandong province in the context of the drug policy reform," Working Papers halshs-01180621, HAL.
    5. Kejia Chu & Ning Zhang & Zhongfei Chen, 2015. "The Efficiency and Its Determinants for China’s Medical Care System: Some Policy Implications for Northeast Asia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(10), pages 1-20, October.
    6. Laurene PETITFOUR & Xiezhe HUANGFU & Jacky MATHONNAT & Martine AUDIBERT, 2015. "Estimating and explaining the efficiency of township hospitals in Shandong province in the context of the drug policy reform," Working Papers 201517, CERDI.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    China; New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme; Township Hospitals.; Data envelopment analysis; Technical efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies

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