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The impact of the occupations and economic activities on the gender wage gap using a counterfactual framework

Author

Listed:
  • Dusan Paredes

    () (IDEAR - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile)

Abstract

This paper presents a methodology to estimate the individual gender wage gap as the difference between wages of the women and their counterfactuals defined by Coarsened Exact Matching. If the women show a higher wage than comparable men, then it is called positive gap. Using eight surveys between 1992 and 2009 for Chile, a stable average of 44% of women show positive gap. This group is considered interesting from the policy perspective because they can provide lessons to decrease the negative discrimination observed on women. Additional analysis shows that the occupations such as Managers, Professionals and Technicians and Associated Professionals always increase the positive gap. Finally, the most successful economic activity to increase the positive gap is Finance and Insurance Activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Dusan Paredes, 2012. "The impact of the occupations and economic activities on the gender wage gap using a counterfactual framework," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 22, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:cat:dtecon:dt201208
    as

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    File URL: https://sites.google.com/a/ucn.cl/wpeconomia/archivos/WP2012-08.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    1. The impact of the occupations and economic activities on the gender wage gap using a counterfactual framework
      by Maximo Rossi in Wikiprogress América Latina on 2012-05-22 21:37:00

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    Cited by:

    1. Francisca Lívia S. Menezes & Ronaldo A. Arraes & Andrei G. Simonass, 2014. "Earning Differentials By Occupational Categories And Discrimination: Gender, Race And Regions," Anais do XLI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 41st Brazilian Economics Meeting] 214, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender earnings gap; statistical discrimination; occupational sorting;

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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