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Discriminación salarial por género en Chile: una mirada global

Author

Listed:
  • Jeanette Fuentes
  • Amalia Palma
  • Rodrigo Montero

Abstract

En este trabajo se realiza un análisis de la evolución de la discriminación salarial por género en Chile para el período 1990 y 2003, utilizando las Encuestas CASEN. Se aplica primero el método Oaxaca-Blinder y luego el de Oaxaca y Ransom, para verificar si existe una brecha salarial, conocer su magnitud y descomponer sus causas. Se corrigen las estimaciones de salarios por sesgo de selección, y mediante bootstrapping se construyen intervalos de confianza para la discriminación observada. resultados indican que la discriminación salarial por género ha disminuido durante el período, pero aún es positiva, situándose en el 2003 en 27,5%. Esto correspondería a un subpago promedio a las mujeres de 14,3% y un sobrepago promedio a los hombres de 13,2%.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeanette Fuentes & Amalia Palma & Rodrigo Montero, 2005. "Discriminación salarial por género en Chile: una mirada global," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 32(2 Year 20), pages 133-157, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:32:y:2005:i:2:p:133-157
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dusan Paredes, 2012. "The impact of the occupations and economic activities on the gender wage gap using a counterfactual framework," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 22, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2012.
    2. Joseph Ramos & David Coble & Ricardo Elfernan & Claudia Soto, 2013. "The Impact of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills on Professional Salaries in An Emerging Economy, C hile," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 51(1), pages 1-33, March.
    3. Dusan Paredes, 2012. "Does the gender wage gap exist among male and female workers with similar human capital? A Coarsened Exact Matching for Chile between 1992 and 2009," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 19, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2012.
    4. Jairo Rivera, 2013. "Teoría y práctica de la discrimación en el mercado laboral Ecuatoriano (2007-2012)," Analítika, Analítika - Revista de Análisis Estadístico/Journal of Statistical Analysis, vol. 5(1), pages 7-22, Junio.
    5. Mauricio Quiñones Domínguez & Juan Antonio Rodríguez Sinisterra, 2011. "Rendimiento de la educación en las regiones colombianas: un análisis usando la Descomposición Oaxaca-Blinder," REVISTA SOCIEDAD Y ECONOMIA - CIDSE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE, August.
    6. Tejada, Mauricio M., 2016. "Lifetime inequality measures for an emerging economy: The case of Chile," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 1-15.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Descomposición salarial; discriminación; género.;

    JEL classification:

    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General

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