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Gender wage gaps in Chile. A long term view: 1958 - 1990

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  • Ricardo Paredes
  • Luis Riveros

Abstract

Using a statistical technique to correct for the presence of the selectivity bias, this paper estimates gender wage gaps in Chile for the period 1958-1990. Gender wage gaps are decomposed into an “endowment” effect –associated with different stocks of human capital- and a “discrimination” effect –associated with different returns. The paper argues that a tight labor market would increase the cost of discriminatory practices, fostering the reduction in wage gaps. The evidence reposts that observed changes in gender wage gap largely respond to the economic cycle, suggesting that anti-discriminatory policies must be considered only as a complement to policies aimed at attaining sustainable economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo Paredes & Luis Riveros, 1994. "Gender wage gaps in Chile. A long term view: 1958 - 1990," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 21(esp Year ), pages 209-230, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:21:y:1994:i:esp:p:209-230
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/09207ebd-d6ec-483d-9ab8-739745c94669.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kehoe, Timothy J., 1991. "Computation and multiplicity of equilibria," Handbook of Mathematical Economics,in: W. Hildenbrand & H. Sonnenschein (ed.), Handbook of Mathematical Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 38, pages 2049-2144 Elsevier.
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    Cited by:

    1. David Bravo & Claudia Sanhueza & Sergio Urzua, 2008. "Discriminación en el mercado laboral entre profesionales de Chile. Abogados, Médicos y gente de negocios," Research Department Publications 3249, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    2. David Bravo Urrutia & Sergio Urzúa & Claudia Sanhueza, 2007. "Is There Labor Market Discrimination Among Professionals In Chile? Lawyers, Doctors And Business-People," Working Papers wp264, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    3. Dusan Paredes, 2012. "The impact of the occupations and economic activities on the gender wage gap using a counterfactual framework," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 22, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2012.
    4. Dusan Paredes, 2012. "Does the gender wage gap exist among male and female workers with similar human capital? A Coarsened Exact Matching for Chile between 1992 and 2009," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 19, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2012.
    5. Hugo Ñopo, 2006. "The Gender Wage Gap in Chile 1992-2003 from a Matching Comparisons Perspective," Research Department Publications 4463, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    6. Bueno, Ivonne & Perticará, Marcela, 2009. "A new approach to gender wage gaps in Chile," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    7. Hugo Ñopo, 2006. "La brecha salarial entre los sexos en Chile en 1992-2003 desde una perspectiva de comparaciones emparejadas," Research Department Publications 4464, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    8. Berdegué, Julio A. & Carriazo, Fernando & Jara, Benjamín & Modrego, Félix & Soloaga, Isidro, 2015. "Cities, Territories, and Inclusive Growth: Unraveling Urban–Rural Linkages in Chile, Colombia, and Mexico," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 56-71.

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    Keywords

    Gender wage; gaps.;

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