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Discriminación en el mercado laboral entre profesionales de Chile. Abogados, Médicos y gente de negocios


  • David Bravo
  • Claudia Sanhueza
  • Sergio Urzua


En este trabajo se analizan las diferencias de sexo en tres mercados laborales profesionales de Chile: comercio, derecho y medicina. Los resultados demuestran que las diferencias de salario atribuibles al sexo sólo están presentes en la práctica del derecho. En el comercio y la economía, un vector de la condición actual de la familia elimina el efecto del sexo, mientras que en la medicina, si se toma en cuenta la cantidad de horas trabajadas, el tamaño de la empresa y la región, también se eliminan las diferencias de sexo. Se demuestra además que el locus de control percibido por los individuos (interno o externo) es pertinente para explicar la distribución de los ingresos.

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  • David Bravo & Claudia Sanhueza & Sergio Urzua, 2008. "Discriminación en el mercado laboral entre profesionales de Chile. Abogados, Médicos y gente de negocios," Research Department Publications 3249, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3249

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    1. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
    2. Ricardo Paredes & Luis Riveros, 1994. "Gender wage gaps in Chile. A long term view: 1958 - 1990," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 21(esp Year ), pages 209-230, November.
    3. James J. Heckman & Jora Stixrud & Sergio Urzua, 2006. "The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(3), pages 411-482, July.
    4. Neal, Derek A & Johnson, William R, 1996. "The Role of Premarket Factors in Black-White Wage Differences," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(5), pages 869-895, October.
    5. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
    6. James J. Heckman, 1998. "Detecting Discrimination," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 101-116, Spring.
    7. Fernández, Raquel & Fogli, Alessandra & Olivetti, Claudia, 2004. "Preference Formation and the Rise of Women's Labour Force Participation: Evidence from WWII," CEPR Discussion Papers 4493, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Altonji, Joseph G. & Blank, Rebecca M., 1999. "Race and gender in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 48, pages 3143-3259 Elsevier.
    9. June E. O'Neill & Dave M. O'Neill, 2005. "What Do Wage Differentials Tell Us about Labor Market Discrimination?," NBER Working Papers 11240, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. John M. Barron & Mark C. Berger & Dan A. Black, 2006. "Selective Counteroffers," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(3), pages 385-410, July.
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