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Dynamic employment adjustments over business cycles

Author

Listed:
  • Tung Liu

    () (Department of Economics, Ball State University)

  • Lee C. Spector

    () (Department of Economics, Ball State University)

Abstract

This paper uses U.S. monthly industrial production employment data between 1964 and 2000 to examine the dynamic labor adjustments of production workers and nonproduction workers in both the short and longrun. The results from the short-run analysis show that the dynamic adjustment of production workers is consistent with business cycles. However, the adjustment of nonproduction workers is relatively fixed, lags behind the shocks over business cycle changes, and exhibits the quasi-fixed factor property. In the long-run, we found that nonproduction workers and production workers are cointegrated indicating that the two series are in long-run equilibrium.

Suggested Citation

  • Tung Liu & Lee C. Spector, 2003. "Dynamic employment adjustments over business cycles," Working Papers 200302, Ball State University, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:bsu:wpaper:200302
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    File URL: http://web.bsu.edu/cob/econ/research/papers/bsuecwp200302liu.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Túlio Cravo, 2011. "Are Small Firms more cyclically Sensitive than Large Ones? National, Regional and Sectoral Evidence from Brazil," ERSA conference papers ersa10p507, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Cravo, Túlio A., 2011. "Are small employers more cyclically sensitive? Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 754-769.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Employment adjustment; business cycles; quasi-fixed labor;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J50 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - General

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