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The transmission of monetary policy in EMEs in a changing financial environment: a longitudinal analysis

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  • Emanuel Kohlscheen
  • Ken Miyajima

Abstract

The departure from the Modigliani-Miller conditions, due for instance to market incompleteness, asymmetric information or taxation, tends to increase the importance of indirect channels by which monetary policy affects the level of economic activity in emerging market economies (EMEs). The bank lending channel highlighted by Bernanke and Blinder (1988) is a prominent example of such indirect effect of monetary policy. In this study we investigate how the bank lending channel acts above and beyond the traditional money channel that most macroeconomic models emphasize. We find that, particularly in EMEs with high bank reliance, changes in the volume of bank credit are important drivers of fixed capital formation. Using micro-level bank balance sheet data, we then show how monetary policy and sovereign risk premia affected bank credit growth in EMEs between 2001 and 2013. We find that both, changes in the monetary policy stance and changes in risk premia have had significant effects on credit volumes. Furthermore, we show that these effects tend to affect smaller banks more strongly. Our results suggest that the accommodative monetary policies that have been seen recently were contributing factors to the rapid expansion of credit in many EMEs.

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  • Emanuel Kohlscheen & Ken Miyajima, 2015. "The transmission of monetary policy in EMEs in a changing financial environment: a longitudinal analysis," BIS Working Papers 495, Bank for International Settlements.
  • Handle: RePEc:bis:biswps:495
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    Cited by:

    1. José María Serena & Ricardo Sousa, 2017. "Does exchange rate depreciation have contractionary effects on firm-level investment?," BIS Working Papers 624, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Madhusudan Mohanty & Kumar Rishabh, 2016. "Financial intermediation and monetary policy transmission in EMEs: What has changed post-2008 crisis?," BIS Working Papers 546, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. Hamza, Hichem & Saadaoui, Zied, 2018. "Monetary transmission through the debt financing channel of Islamic banks: Does PSIA play a role?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 557-570.
    4. Jhuvesh Sobrun & Philip Turner, 2015. "Bond markets and monetary policy dilemmas for the emerging markets," BIS Working Papers 508, Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Lukáš Kučera, 2018. "Investice v transmisním mechanismu cílování inflace verifikace zdrojů variability investic v České republice [Investment in the Transmission Mechanism of Inflation Targeting - Verification of Sourc," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2018(2), pages 201-217.
    6. Andres Murcia & Emanuel Kohlscheen, 2016. "Moving in tandem: bank provisioning in emerging market economies," BIS Working Papers 548, Bank for International Settlements.

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    Keywords

    monetary policy; bank credit; emerging markets; risk premia;
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