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The Role of Capital Requirements and Credit Composition in the Transmission of Macroeconomic and Financial Shocks

Author

Listed:
  • Oscar Valencia

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Daniel Osorio

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Pablo Garay

Abstract

This paper builds a general equilibrium model that incorporates banks, financial frictions, default and a capital requirements. Ex-ante heterogeneous households decide how much to save or borrow for the sake of consumption (consumer credit) or the provision of housing services(mortgages). These choices are subject to borrowing limits, which depend on the value of real estate assets (for mortgages) or labour income (for consumer loans). The model includes final goods producers who must borrow in order to finance working capital/labour requirements (business credit borrowing) and intermediate good producers subject to nominal rigidities. Saving and borrowing are intermediated by a bank facing different capital requirements for each credit category. Any shock that has an impact on bank capital (for instance, a default shock) directly affects the bank’s income, the cost of external finance and, eventually, interest rates on loans. Changes in interest rates have second-round effects on labour and consumption through the borrowing limits. Simulations of the model suggest that the business cycle properties of credit and credit quality for each credit category are consistent with what is observed in the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Oscar Valencia & Daniel Osorio & Pablo Garay, 2016. "The Role of Capital Requirements and Credit Composition in the Transmission of Macroeconomic and Financial Shocks," Borradores de Economia 954, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:954
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Aghion, Philippe & Angeletos, George-Marios & Banerjee, Abhijit & Manova, Kalina, 2010. "Volatility and growth: Credit constraints and the composition of investment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(3), pages 246-265, April.
    2. R. P. Agenor & K. Alper & L. Pereira da Silva, 2013. "Capital Regulation, Monetary Policy, and Financial Stability," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(3), pages 198-243, September.
    3. Andrés González & Lavan Mahadeva & Juan D. Prada & Diego Rodríguez, 2011. "Policy Analysis Tool Applied to Colombian Needs: Patacon Model Description," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 29(66), pages 222-245, December.
    4. repec:ebl:ecbull:eb-18-00483 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Garicano, Luis & Steinwender, Claudia, 2013. "Survive another day: does uncertain financing affect the composition of investment?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 48921, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    6. Leonardo Nogueira Ferreira & Márcio Issao Nakane, 2018. "Macroprudential policy in a DSGE model: anchoring the countercyclical capital buffer," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 38(4), pages 2345-2352.
    7. Agustín Saade & Daniel Osorio & Dairo Estrada, 2007. "An equilibrium approach to financial stability analysis: the Colombian case," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 75-105, January.
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    9. Meh, Césaire A. & Moran, Kevin, 2010. "The role of bank capital in the propagation of shocks," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 555-576, March.
    10. Wouter J. Den Haan & Steven W. Sumner & Guy M. Yamashiro, 2009. "Bank loan portfolios and the Canadian monetary transmission mechanism," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 42(3), pages 1150-1175, August.
    11. Andrea Gerali & Stefano Neri & Luca Sessa & Federico M. Signoretti, 2010. "Credit and Banking in a DSGE Model of the Euro Area," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 42(s1), pages 107-141, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    DSGE Models; Financial Frictions; Macroprudential Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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