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The Role of Capital Requirements and Credit Composition in the Transmission of Macroeconomic and Financial Shocks

Author

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  • Oscar Valencia

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Daniel Osorio

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Pablo Garay

Abstract

This paper builds a general equilibrium model that incorporates banks, financial frictions, default and a capital requirements. Ex-ante heterogeneous households decide how much to save or borrow for the sake of consumption (consumer credit) or the provision of housing services(mortgages). These choices are subject to borrowing limits, which depend on the value of real estate assets (for mortgages) or labour income (for consumer loans). The model includes final goods producers who must borrow in order to finance working capital/labour requirements (business credit borrowing) and intermediate good producers subject to nominal rigidities. Saving and borrowing are intermediated by a bank facing different capital requirements for each credit category. Any shock that has an impact on bank capital (for instance, a default shock) directly affects the bank’s income, the cost of external finance and, eventually, interest rates on loans. Changes in interest rates have second-round effects on labour and consumption through the borrowing limits. Simulations of the model suggest that the business cycle properties of credit and credit quality for each credit category are consistent with what is observed in the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Oscar Valencia & Daniel Osorio & Pablo Garay, 2016. "The Role of Capital Requirements and Credit Composition in the Transmission of Macroeconomic and Financial Shocks," Borradores de Economia 954, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:954
    DOI: 10.32468/be.954
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    Cited by:

    1. Jose U. Mora & Celso J. Costa Junior, 2019. "FDI Asymmetries in Emerging Economies: The Case of Colombia," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(8), pages 1-35, August.
    2. Jose U. Mora & Celso J. Costa Junior, 2019. "FDI Asymmetries in Emerging Economies: The Case of Colombia," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(8), pages 1-35, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    DSGE Models; Financial Frictions; Macroprudential Policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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