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Flujos de capital y política fiscal en las economías emergentes de América Latina

Author

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  • Ignacio Lozano

    ()

  • Ligia Alba Melo B.

    ()

  • Jorge Enrique Ramos F.

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se evalúa la respuesta de la política fiscal ante los choques de los flujos de capital registrados durante las dos últimas décadas en seis economías emergentes de América Latina: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, México y Perú. Con base en la caracterización de los diferentes episodios de entradas y salidas súbitas de capital y en los resultados de un modelo de datos de panel con variables instrumentales, se concluye que no hubo respuestas directas de las autoridades fiscales frente a los choques de los flujos. Sin embargo, la evidencia también sugiere que para el conjunto de países, se presentó una reacción fiscal indirecta de naturaleza pro-cíclica, al impacto que los flujos de capital produjeron sobre la actividad económica. Este tipo de respuesta pudo cambiar a partir de la crisis financiera global de 2008, cuando varios gobiernos adoptaron posturas contra-cíclicas, por los mejores fundamentales macroeconómicos

Suggested Citation

  • Ignacio Lozano & Ligia Alba Melo B. & Jorge Enrique Ramos F., 2012. "Flujos de capital y política fiscal en las economías emergentes de América Latina," Borradores de Economia 702, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:702
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ligia Alba Melo B & Jorge Ramos F & Hector Zarate S, 2013. "Mercado de bonos soberanos y estabilidad financiera: Una aplicación de Gráficos Acíclicos Direccionados (GAD) y modelos SVAR," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 011099, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    2. Álvaro José Anaya Mendoza, 2012. "Inversión extranjera directa y crecimiento económico. Evidencia para América Latina 1980-2010," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE 010850, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE.
    3. Melo-Becerra & Ramos-Forero & Hector Zárate-Solano, 2015. "Sovereign bond markets and financial stability in an emerging economy: an application of directed acyclic graphs and SVAR models," Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 306-319, November.
    4. Rhenals Monterrosa, Remberto & Gómez, Wilman, 2013. "La coyuntura macroeconómica reciente," PERFIL DE COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, issue 22, pages 9-38, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Flujos de Capitales; IED; Política Fiscal; Ciclos Económicos Reales. Classification JEL: F20; F21; E32; E62.;

    JEL classification:

    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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