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Job Loss, Credit and Crime in Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Gaurav Khanna
  • Carlos Medina

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Anant Nyshadham
  • Christian Posso
  • Jorge Tamayo

Abstract

We investigate the effects of job displacement, as a result of mass-layoffs, on criminal arrests using a novel matched employer-employee-crime dataset in Medellín, Colombia. Job displacement leads to immediate earnings losses, and an increased likelihood of being arrested for both the displaced worker and for other youth in the family. We leverage variation in opportunities for legitimate reemployment and access to consumption credit to investigate the mechanisms underlying this job loss-crime relationship. Workers in booming sectors with more opportunities for legitimate reemployment exhibit lower increases in arrests after job losses. Greater exposure to an expansion in consumption credit also lowers the increase in arrests after employment shocks. **** RESUMEN: Se estiman los efectos de la pérdida del empleo como resultado de un despido masivo, sobre la probabilidad de ser arrestado, utilizando una novedosa base que parea datos de empleados, empleadores y arrestos en Medellín, Colombia. La pérdida del empleo genera una reducción inmediata en los ingresos, y un incremento en la probabilidad de ser arrestado tanto para el empleado despedido, como para otros familiares jóvenes. Nosotros explotamos la variación en las oportunidades de re-emplearse formalmente y en el acceso a crédito formal de consumo, para estudiar los mecanismos detrás de la relación entre la pérdida del empleo y el crimen. Los trabajadores en sectores en auge, con mayores oportunidades de re-emplearse, ven menos afectada su probabilidad de ser arrestados. Una mayor exposición a una expansión en la oferta de crédito de consumo también debilita la respuesta de los arrestos al choque en el mercado laboral.

Suggested Citation

  • Gaurav Khanna & Carlos Medina & Anant Nyshadham & Christian Posso & Jorge Tamayo, 2019. "Job Loss, Credit and Crime in Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1095, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1095
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.32468/be.1095
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    Cited by:

    1. Gaurav Khanna & Carlos Medina & Anant Nyshadham & Jorge Tamayo & Nicolas Torres, 2023. "Formal Employment and Organised Crime: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Colombia," The Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 133(654), pages 2427-2448.
    2. Remco van Eijkel & Sander Gerritsen & Klarita Sadiraj & Maroesjka Versantvoort, 2021. "The causal effects of employment on mental health and criminality for disabled workers," CPB Discussion Paper 425, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    3. Diogo G. C. Britto & Paolo Pinotti & Breno Sampaio, 2022. "The Effect of Job Loss and Unemployment Insurance on Crime in Brazil," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 90(4), pages 1393-1423, July.
    4. Ivandić, Ria & Lassen, Anne Sophie, 2023. "Gender gaps from labor market shocks," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 119948, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Ivandić, Ria & Lassen, Anne Sophie, 2023. "Gender gaps from labor market shocks," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(C).
    6. Garg, Teevrat & McCord, Gordon C. & Montfort, Aleister, 2020. "Can Social Protection Reduce Environmental Damages?," IZA Discussion Papers 13247, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Stefano Cellini & Livia Menezes & Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner, 2022. "Maternal Displacements during Pregnancy and the Health of Newborns," Discussion Papers 22-02, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
    8. Grace Armijos-Bravo & Segundo Camino-Mogro, 2023. "Covid-19 Lockdown in Ecuador: Are there Gender Differences in Unemployment?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 59(6), pages 833-853, June.
    9. Magaly Faride Herrera Giraldo & Carlos Giovanni González Espitia & Héctor Ochoa Díaz, 2023. "The spatial and economic relationship between labour informality and homicides in Cali, Colombia," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 41(5), September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Job displacements; crime; Medellín; Pérdida del empleo; crimen; Medellín;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings

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