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Stealing to Survive? Crime and Income Shocks in Nineteenth Century France

Listed author(s):
  • Vincent Bignon

    (Economix - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre)

  • Eve Caroli

    ()

    (PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSL - PSL Research University, PSE - Paris School of Economics, LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine, Legos - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion des Organisations de Santé - Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Roberto Galbiati

    ()

    (ECON - Département d'économie - Sciences Po)

Using local administrative data from 1826 to 1936, we document the evolution of crime rates in nineteenth century France and we estimate the impact of a negative income shock on crime. Our identification strategy exploits the phylloxera crisis. Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera destroyed about 40% of French vineyards. We use the geographical variation in the timing of this shock to identify its impact on property and violent crime rates, as well as minor offences. Our estimates suggest that the phylloxera crisis caused a substantial increase in property crime rates and a significant decrease in violent crimes.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-01513303.

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Date of creation: Feb 2017
Publication status: Published in The Economic Journal, 2017, 127 (599), pp.19-49. <10.1111/ecoj.12270>
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01513303
DOI: 10.1111/ecoj.12270
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01513303
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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