Stealing to Survive? Crime and Income Shocks in Nineteenth Century France
Using local administrative data from 1826 to 1936, we document the evolution of crime rates in nineteenth century France and we estimate the impact of a negative income shock on crime. Our identification strategy exploits the phylloxera crisis. Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera destroyed about 40% of French vineyards. We use the geographical variation in the timing of this shock to identify its impact on property and violent crime rates, as well as minor offences. Our estimates suggest that the phylloxera crisis caused a substantial increase in property crime rates and a significant decrease in violent crimes.
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|Date of creation:||Feb 2017|
|Publication status:||Published in The Economic Journal, 2017, 127 (599), pp.19-49. <10.1111/ecoj.12270>|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01513303|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
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