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Product Market Competition and Inflation Dynamics: Evidence from a Panel of OECD Countries

Listed author(s):
  • Monica Correa Lopez
  • Agustin Garcia Serrador
  • Ana Cristina Mingorance
Registered author(s):

    We analyse the impact of product market competition on the responsiveness of inflation to macroeconomic imbalances. Results based on a 20-country OECD panel estimated for the period 1961-2006 show that if product market competition is high the response of inflation to lagged inflation and unemployment is reduced, while inflation is more responsive to changes in productivity growth in countries in which competition is above the OECD average. When product market competition is measured by barriers to firms’ entry, we also find that low entry barriers dampen the effect on inflation of movements in import prices. These results are attributed to temporary mark-up changes after demand- and supplyside shocks.

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    Paper provided by BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department in its series Working Papers with number 1025.

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    Length: 30 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2010
    Handle: RePEc:bbv:wpaper:1025
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