Wage Formation in Open Economies and the Role of Monetary and Wage-Setting Institutions
The paper studies the determinants of unemployment in a two-countrymodel, where real wages are the outcome of the strategic interaction between various institutional players (firms, unions, central banks). We show that: (i) the results derived in the recent literature on this topic are not generally robust against the introduction of openness; (ii) the shape of the Calmfors-Driffill curve not only depends on a country's own centralization of wage bargaining (CWB) but rather on home and foreign characteristics; (iii) the model challenges the established belief that a shift to a monetary union (MU) will (negatively) affect unemployment in all member countries by fundamentally changing the nature of strategic interactions. Under certain assumptions our open-economy model suggests that the formation of a MU has no effect whatsoever on structural unemployment.
|Date of creation:||04 Jun 2003|
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