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Inequality of Opportunity in the Labour Market Entry of Graduates in Italy

Listed author(s):
  • Patrizia Luongo

    ()

    (University of Bari)

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    The aim of the study is to test for equality of opportunity at the en- try into the national labour market of Italian graduates. By using an Italian survey data on the transition from university to work, we focus on the probability to get a job within three years from the graduation, and we find significant differences across individuals with different family background. In an attempt to explain whether these differences refiect op- portunity inequality, we adopt the Gomulka-Stern decomposition method. This method allows us to decompose differences in the probability to find a job between groups of people with different family background into two additive components. The first component can be attributed to differ- ences between groups in the distribution of individualsfi characteristics. The second component is a residual difference which can be attributed to opportunity inequality under the assumption that there is no unobserved heterogeneity between groups. In the presence of unobserved heterogene- ity, this residual component gives us a biased estimation for the difference in probability explained by opportunity inequality.

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    File URL: http://www.seriesworkingpapers.it/RePEc/bai/series/Economia-Series30.pdf
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    Paper provided by Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza - Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro" in its series SERIES with number 0030.

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    Length: 1220
    Date of creation: May 2010
    Date of revision: May 2010
    Handle: RePEc:bai:series:economia-series30
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    Largo Abbazia S. Scolastica, 53 - 70124 - Bari - ITALY

    Phone: +390805049042
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    Web page: http://www.uniba.it/ricerca/dipartimenti/dse

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