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Changing Social Contracts: Beliefs Anddissipative Inclusion In Brazil

  • BERNARDO MUELLER
  • LEE ALSTON
  • MARCUS MELO
  • CARLOS PEREIRA

We link a model of inequality and redistribution where multiple steady states can emerge, to the recent literature on beliefs, and argue that changes in beliefs may shift the equilibrium over time. We present evidence that beliefs are typically very stable over time, yet argue that Brazil has recently undergone a dramatic shift in beliefs which we show is associated with a change in the country’s social contract in the past thirty years. The transition from one social contract to another has taken place through a process which we call ‘dissipative inclusion’, where redistribution and social inclusion are effectively achieved but accompanied by distortions, inefficiencies and rent dissipation.

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Paper provided by ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics] in its series Anais do XL Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 40th Brazilian Economics Meeting] with number 076.

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Date of creation: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:anp:en2012:076
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