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The Economics of Agricultural and Wildlife Smuggling

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  • Ferrier, Peyton Michael

Abstract

The United States bans imports of certain agricultural and wildlife goods that can carry pathogens or diseases or whose harvest can threaten wildlife stocks or endanger species. Despite these bans, contraband is regularly uncovered in inspections of cargo containers and in domestic markets. This study characterizes the economic factors affecting agricultural and wildlife smuggling by drawing on inspection and interdiction data from USDA and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and existing economic literature. Findings reveal that agricultural and wildlife smuggling primarily include luxury goods, ethnic foods, and specialty goods, such as traditional medicines. Incidents of detected smuggling are disproportionately higher for agricultural goods originating in China and for wildlife goods originating in Mexico. Fragmentary data show that approximately 1 percent of all commercial wildlife shipments to the United States and 0.40 percent of all U.S. wildlife imports by value are refused entry and suspected of being smuggled.

Suggested Citation

  • Ferrier, Peyton Michael, 2009. "The Economics of Agricultural and Wildlife Smuggling," Economic Research Report 55951, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:55951
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55951
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. The Economics of Agricultural and Wildlife Smuggling
      by Ariel Goldring in Free Market Mojo on 2010-01-31 14:01:19

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    Cited by:

    1. Ferrier, Peyton, 2010. "Irradiation as a quarantine treatment," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 548-555, December.
    2. Mohammad Hossien Pourkazemi & Mohammad Naser Sherafat & Zahra Delfan Azari, 2013. "A Fuzzy Logic Approach to Estimate the Import of Smuggling in Iran," Iranian Economic Review, Economics faculty of Tehran university, vol. 18(2), pages 107-129, spring.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Smuggling; illicit trade; SPS; quarantine; endangered species; CITES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Financial Economics;

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