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The Productivity-environment Nexus At The Farm Level. The Case Of Carbon Footprint Of Lombardy FADN Farms

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  • Baldoni, Edoardo
  • Coderoni, Silvia
  • Esposti, Roberto

Abstract

This paper aims to assess whether and to what extent the farm-level productivity performance (measured by Total Factor Productivity, TFP) affects the farm-level environmental performance. In particular, the attention focuses on GHG emissions expressed by the farm’s Carbon Footprint (CF). The relationship occurring between these two performance indicators is investigated on a panel of Lombardy farms observed from 2008 to 2013. Once the TFP and the CF have been measured using farm-level data, a dynamic panel model is specified and estimated (via GMM estimation). The dynamic specification allows to take the time dependence of TFP into account while a polynomial form and group-specific effects allow for a specific TFP-CF nexus across heterogeneous farms in terms of size and specialization. Results confirm that a TFP-CF nexus exists but it may significantly differ and also be conflicting across farm typologies.

Suggested Citation

  • Baldoni, Edoardo & Coderoni, Silvia & Esposti, Roberto, 2017. "The Productivity-environment Nexus At The Farm Level. The Case Of Carbon Footprint Of Lombardy FADN Farms," 2017 International Congress, August 28-September 1, 2017, Parma, Italy 260895, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae17:260895
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.260895
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bohringer, Christoph & Jochem, Patrick E.P., 2007. "Measuring the immeasurable -- A survey of sustainability indices," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 1-8, June.
    2. Silvia Coderoni & Roberto Esposti, 2014. "Is There a Long-Term Relationship Between Agricultural GHG Emissions and Productivity Growth? A Dynamic Panel Data Approach," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 58(2), pages 273-302, June.
    3. Svetlana Batrakova & Ronald Davies, 2012. "Is there an environmental benefit to being an exporter? Evidence from firm-level data," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 148(3), pages 449-474, September.
    4. Robert J. Hill, 2004. "Constructing Price Indexes across Space and Time: The Case of the European Union," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(5), pages 1379-1410, December.
    5. Johannes Van Biesebroeck, 2007. "Robustness Of Productivity Estimates," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 529-569, September.
    6. Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene, 2011. "Why are firms that export cleaner? International trade and CO2 emissions," CEPR Discussion Papers 8583, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. repec:ags:aieabj:276289 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Fried, Harold O. & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Shelton S. (ed.), 2008. "The Measurement of Productive Efficiency and Productivity Growth," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195183528.
    9. Shingo Kimura & Johannes Sauer, 2015. "Dynamics of dairy farm productivity growth: Cross-country comparison," OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers 87, OECD Publishing.
    10. Arellano, Manuel, 2003. "Panel Data Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199245291.
    11. Roberto Esposti, 2000. "Stochastic Technical Change and Procyclical TFP The Case of Italian Agriculture," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 119-141, September.
    12. Robert J. Hill, 1999. "International Comparisons Using Spanning Trees," NBER Chapters,in: International and Interarea Comparisons of Income, Output, and Prices, pages 109-120 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Keywords

    Environmental Economics and Policy;

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