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International Collaboration in Crop Improvement Research: Current Status and Future Prospects

Author

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  • Traxler, Greg
  • Pingali, Prabhu L.

Abstract

Investments over the past 35 years have created a system of national and international research centers that has revolutionized the supply of improved cereal varieties to developing country farmers. The newly created scientific ability to exploit genetic resources has been the engine of productivity growth in much of world agriculture. But the success that has been attained in building research institutions has not touched all countries or farmers, nor can it be considered permanent. The financial and political environment of the past decade has halted the expansion of agricultural research capacity and the scarcity of research resources and evolving world intellectual property rights (IPR) regimes complicates the search for stable arrangements for cooperation. This paper examines the current structure and institutional capacity of the international crop breeding systems for rice and wheat. Discussions are presented within the context of a system composed of research functions spanning the basic to applied research spectrum. The model emphasizes that an efficient and stable international system may be comprised of many partner institutions, each with a limited breadth of research activities, particularly when research budgets are fixed or declining. The paper concludes with a review of some of the trends that will influence the future direction of research cooperation.

Suggested Citation

  • Traxler, Greg & Pingali, Prabhu L., 1999. "International Collaboration in Crop Improvement Research: Current Status and Future Prospects," Economics Working Papers 7668, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:cimmew:7668
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7668
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Evenson, Robert E & Gollin, Douglas, 1997. "Genetic Resources, International Organizations, and Improvement in Rice Varieties," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 45(3), pages 471-500, April.
    2. Traxler, Greg & Byerlee, Derek R., 2001. "Linking technical change to research effort: an examination of aggregation and spillovers effects," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 24(3), March.
    3. Maredia, Mywish K. & Byerlee, Derek R., 2000. "Efficiency of research investments in the presence of international spillovers: wheat research in developing countries," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 22(1), January.
    4. Smale, Melinda, 1996. "Understanding Global Trends in the Use of Wheat Diversity and International Flows of Wheat Genetic Resources," Economics Working Papers 7670, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gerpacio, R.V., 2003. "The roles of public sector versus private sector in R&D and technology generation: the case of maize in Asia," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 29(3), December.
    2. Pingali, P. L. & Traxler, G., 2002. "Changing locus of agricultural research: will the poor benefit from biotechnology and privatization trends?," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 223-238, June.
    3. Gerpacio, R. V., 2003. "The roles of public sector versus private sector in R&D and technology generation: the case of maize in Asia," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 29(3), pages 319-330, December.
    4. Falcon, Walter P., 2000. "Globalizing Germ Plasm: Barriers, Benefits and Boundaries," 2000 Conference, August 13-18, 2000, Berlin, Germany 197185, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Falcon, W. P. & Fowler, C., 2002. "Carving up the commons--emergence of a new international regime for germplasm development and transfer," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 197-222, June.
    6. Bellon, Mauricio R. & Morris, Michael L., 2002. "Linking Global and Local Approaches to Agricultural Technology Development: The Role of Participatory Plant Breeding Research in the CGIAR," Economics Working Papers 46550, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.

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