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On the accuracy of gravity-RAS approaches used for inter-regional trade estimation: evidence using the 2005 inter-regional input–output table of Japan

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  • Gabela, Julio Gustavo Fournier

Abstract

In contrast to international trade, it is still difficult to find regional trade statistics within a nation. Given that the gravity model continues to be very popular, we test two gravity-RAS approaches used for interregional trade estimation: a standard one and an extended version, which additionally estimates intra-regional flows. We assess the accuracy with the help of two measures and for different sectoral aggregation levels. For that, we use the survey-based 2005 interregional input–output table of Japan as a benchmark. Results show high overall accuracy levels for the standard approach, better than when using international data, albeit with heterogeneous errors for sectors and regions. We further find that the results of a multiregional input-output model are highly sensitive to the trade estimation approach and that errors slightly increase for increasing sectoral disaggregation levels. Results from an experiment based on a random number generator show how RAS influences results.

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  • Gabela, Julio Gustavo Fournier, 2020. "On the accuracy of gravity-RAS approaches used for inter-regional trade estimation: evidence using the 2005 inter-regional input–output table of Japan," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 32(4), pages 521-539.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:224912
    DOI: 10.1080/09535314.2020.1753662
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    Cited by:

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    2. Ageliki Anagnostou & Pawel Gajewski, 2021. "Multi-Regional Input–Output Tables for Macroeconomic Simulations in Poland’s Regions," Economies, MDPI, vol. 9(4), pages 1-19, October.
    3. López, Xesús Pereira & de la Torre Cuevas, Fernando, 2023. "An alternative for tracing the path between supply and use tables in current and constant prices," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 293-302.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inter-regional trade estimation; gravity model; sectoral aggregation level; accuracy; input-output model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods

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