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Impact Of Climate Change On The Indian Economy: Evidence From Food Grain Yields

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  • SHREEKANT GUPTA

    (Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India;
    LKY School of Public Policy, Singapore)

  • PARTHA SEN

    (Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India)

  • SUCHITA SRINIVASAN

    (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Chemin Eugéne-Rigot 2, 1211 Geneve, Switzerland)

Abstract

We analyse the effects of rainfall and temperature on yields of paddy and millets (pearl millet and sorghum) in India for the period 1966–1999, at the district level. Unlike other studies, we control for fertiliser use and irrigation. We find that paddy (India's leading food crop) is sensitive to the climate variables but also to fertiliser use and irrigation. Millets are less affected by climate variables although sorghum shows some sensitivity to temperature. Our results have important implications for how India's agriculture will adapt to climate change.

Suggested Citation

  • Shreekant Gupta & Partha Sen & Suchita Srinivasan, 2014. "Impact Of Climate Change On The Indian Economy: Evidence From Food Grain Yields," Climate Change Economics (CCE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 5(02), pages 1-29.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsi:ccexxx:v:05:y:2014:i:02:n:s2010007814500018
    DOI: 10.1142/S2010007814500018
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    Cited by:

    1. Kirtti Ranjan Paltasingh & Phanindra Goyari, 2018. "Statistical Modeling of Crop-Weather Relationship in India: A Survey on Evolutionary Trend of Methodologies," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 15(1), pages 42-60, June.
    2. Anubhab Pattanayak & K.S.Kavikumar, "undated". "Assessment of Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation: A Methodological Review and Application to Indian Agriculture," Working Papers 2019-183, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.
    3. Taraz, Vis, 2018. "Can farmers adapt to higher temperatures? Evidence from India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 205-219.
    4. Kumar, Ajay & Sharma, Pritee, 2013. "Impact of climate variation on agricultural productivity and food security in rural India," Economics Discussion Papers 2013-43, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    5. Tripathi, Sabyasachi, 2019. "Effect of Disasters and Climate Change on Poverty and Inequality in India," MPRA Paper 94132, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Gupta, Shreekant & Sen, Partha & Verma, Saumya, 2016. "Impact of Climate Change on Foodgrain Yields in India," CEI Working Paper Series 2015-9, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    7. Raju Guntukula & Phanindra Goyari, 2020. "Climate Change Effects on the Crop Yield and Its Variability in Telangana, India," Studies in Microeconomics, , vol. 8(1), pages 119-148, June.
    8. Ajay Kumar, 2014. "Climate Change and Sugarcane Productivity in India: An Econometric Analysis," Journal of Social and Development Sciences, AMH International, vol. 5(2), pages 111-122.
    9. Jyoti, Bhim & Singh, Ajay Kumar, 2020. "Projected Sugarcane Yield in Different Climate Change Scenarios in Indian States: A State-Wise Panel Data Exploration," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 8(4), October.
    10. Chandra Sekhar Bahinipati & Vijay Kumar & P. K. Viswanathan, 2021. "An evidence-based systematic review on farmers’ adaptation strategies in India," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 13(2), pages 399-418, April.
    11. V. Saravanakumar, "undated". "Impact of Climate Change on Yield of Major Food Crops in Tamil Nadu, India," Working papers 91, The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Climate change; agricultural impacts; developing countries; O13; Q54; R11;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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