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Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?

  • Robert T. Deacon
  • Catherine S. Norman

We examine within-country time series data on income and concentrations of SO2 smoke, and particulates to see if the shapes of pollution-income relationships in individual countries agree qualitatively with predictions of the environmental Kuznets curve. The shapes of these relationships are determined non-parametrically for individual countries using recently available data on air pollution concentrations. For smoke and particulates, the shapes of within-country, pollution-income patterns do not agree with the EKC hypothesis more often than chance would dictate. For SO2 which generally exhibits EKC- consistent pollution-income relationships among wealthier countries, the observed patterns are also consistent with a simpler hypothesis.

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File URL: http://le.uwpress.org/cgi/reprint/82/2/291
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Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Land Economics.

Volume (Year): 82 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 291-315

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:landec:v:82:y:2006:i:2:p:291-315
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