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What Doesn’t Kill You Makes You Weaker: Prenatal Pollution Exposure and Educational Outcomes

  • Nicholas J. Sanders

I examine the impact of prenatal total suspended particulate (TSP) exposure on educational outcomes using county-level variation in the timing and severity of the industrial recession of the early 1980s as a shock to ambient TSPs (similar to Chay and Greenstone 2003b). I then instrument for pollution levels using county-level changes in relative manufacturing employment. A standard deviation decrease in TSPs in a student’s year of birth is associated with 2 percent of a standard deviation increase in high school test scores for OLS and 6 percent for IV. I also consider how migration and selection into motherhood relate to my results.

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File URL: http://jhr.uwpress.org/cgi/reprint/47/3/826
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Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 47 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 826-850

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:46:y:2012:iii:1:p:826-850
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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