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Unequal Assignment and Unequal Promotion in Job Ladders

  • Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf
  • Zweimuller, Josef

In this study, gender differentials in professional status attainment are analyzed. In the theoretical literature, unequal treatment of females is often rationalized by their higher probability of quitting. To test this hypothesis empirically, the authors use data from the Austrian microcensus and find that neither the risk of childbearing nor different productive characteristics can explain the crowding of females in lower hierarchical positions. Females have to fulfill higher ability standards to be promoted; work experience is not rewarded in the same manner as it is for men. Copyright 1997 by University of Chicago Press.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/209846
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Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Labor Economics.

Volume (Year): 15 (1997)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 43-71

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:v:15:y:1997:i:1:p:43-71
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JOLE/

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  2. Ashenfelter, Orley & Oaxaca, Ronald, 1987. "The Economics of Discrimination: Economists Enter the Courtroom," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(2), pages 321-25, May.
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  4. Leonard, Jonathan S, 1984. "Employment and Occupational Advance under Affirmative Action," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 66(3), pages 377-85, August.
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  9. Orley Ashenfelter & Ronald Oaxaca, 1987. "The Economics of Discrimination Thirty Years Later: Economists Enter the Courtroom," Working Papers 596, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
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  11. Becker, Gary S, 1985. "Human Capital, Effort, and the Sexual Division of Labor," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(1), pages S33-58, January.
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  15. Andrew M. Gill, 1989. "The Role of Discrimination in Determining Occupational Structure," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 42(4), pages 610-623, July.
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  18. Polachek, Solomon William, 1981. "Occupational Self-Selection: A Human Capital Approach to Sex Differences in Occupational Structure," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(1), pages 60-69, February.
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