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Training and Innovation

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  • Stefan Bauernschuster
  • Oliver Falck
  • Stephan Heblich

Abstract

Research analyzing the importance of human capital for innovation usually focuses on secondary and tertiary education. This paper takes a different perspective by focusing on in-firm training. We argue that continuous training guarantees access to leading-edge knowledge and thus increases a firm's propensity to innovate. Using German establishment-level data, we show a strong association between lagged continuous training and innovation. Applying instrumental variable methods, we cautiously argue that the association between training and innovation is indeed a causal effect. In the quest for a relevant and valid instrument, we exploit legal regulations of the German Works Constitution Act. (c) 2009 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefan Bauernschuster & Oliver Falck & Stephan Heblich, 2009. "Training and Innovation," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(4), pages 323-353.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jhucap:v:3:y:2009:i:4:p:323-353
    DOI: 10.1086/653713
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    Cited by:

    1. Dorner, Matthias & Fryges, Helmut & Schopen, Kathrin, 2017. "Wages in high-tech start-ups – Do academic spin-offs pay a wage premium?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 1-18.
    2. Robert Lerman, 2014. "Do firms benefit from apprenticeship investments?," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 1-55, May.
    3. Grégoire Cauchie & Nicolas Gérard Vaillant, 2016. "New Firm Survival: Isolating the Role of Founders’ Human Capital in Accounting for Firm Longevity," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 10(2), pages 186-211.
    4. Preeya Mohan & Eric Strobl & Patrick Watson, 2018. "In-firm training, innovation and productivity: the case of Caribbean Small Island Developing States," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(9-10), pages 987-1011, October.
    5. Benoit Dostie, 2020. "Who benefits from firm-sponsored training?," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 145-145, July.
    6. Benoit Dostie & Mohsen Javdani, 2020. "Immigrants and Workplace Training: Evidence from Canadian Linked Employer–Employee Data," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(2), pages 275-315, April.
    7. Zheng Zhang & Yuping Deng & Sam Hak Kan Tang, 2019. "Do Foreign Mergers and Acquisitions Increase Acquired Firms’ Innovation? Evidence from Chinese Manufacturing Firms," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 52(1), pages 41-60, March.
    8. Popov, Alexander, 2014. "Credit constraints and investment in human capital: Training evidence from transition economies," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 76-100.
    9. Sorgner, Alina & Fritsch, Michael, 2013. "Stepping Forward: Personality Traits, Choice of Profession, and the Decision to Become Self-Employed," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79768, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    10. Alhusen, Harm & Bennat, Tatjana & Bizer, Kilian & Cantner, Uwe & Horstmann, Elaine & Kalthaus, Martin & Proeger, Till & Sternberg, Rolf G. & Töpfer, Stefan, 2019. "Measuring the "doing-using-interacting mode" of innovation in SMEs - A qualitative approach," ifh Working Papers 23/2019, Volkswirtschaftliches Institut für Mittelstand und Handwerk an der Universität Göttingen (ifh).
    11. Kafouros, Marios & Love, James H & Ganotakis, Panagiotis & Konara, Palitha, 2020. "Experience in R&D collaborations, innovative performance and the moderating effect of different dimensions of absorptive capacity," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 150(C).
    12. Medase, Kehinde, 2019. "The Impact of the Heterogeneity of Employees’ Qualifications on Firm-level Innovation Evidence from Nigerian Firms," Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy 203563, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    13. Uwe Cantner & Wolfgang Gerstlberger & Ipsita Roy, 2014. "Works Councils, Training Activities and Innovation: A Study of German Firms," Jena Economic Research Papers 2014-006, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    14. Preeya Mohan & Eric Strobl & Patrick Watson, 2017. "In-Firm Training, Innovation and Productivity: The Case of Caribbean Small Island Developing States," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 98136, Inter-American Development Bank.
    15. Dostie, Benoit, 2014. "Innovation, Productivity, and Training," IZA Discussion Papers 8506, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    16. Robert Lerman, 2019. "Do firms benefit from apprenticeship investments?," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 1-55, October.
    17. Peukert, Christian, 2011. "External technology supply and client-side innovation," ZEW Discussion Papers 11-082, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    18. Francis Boadu & Yu Xie & Yi-Fei Du & Elizabeth Dwomo-Fokuo, 2018. "MNEs Subsidiary Training and Development and Firm Innovative Performance: The Moderating Effects of Tacit and Explicit Knowledge Received from Headquarters," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(11), pages 1-25, November.

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