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Interactions, Spillovers De Connaissance Et Croissance Des Villes Européennes - Quel Est Le Rôle De La Géographie, Du Climat Institutionnel Et Des Réseaux Des Firmes Multinationales ?

Author

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  • Catherine BAUMONT

    () (LEDi UMR CNRS 6307, Université de Bourgogne)

  • Rachel GUILLAIN

    () (LEDi UMR CNRS 6307, Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

Nous étudions si les spillovers entre les économies urbaines associés aux externalités de connaissance existent et quels sont leurs impacts sur la croissance économique de 82 villes européennes sur la période 1990-2005. Nous modélisons les spillovers entre les villes en distinguant cinq schémas d’interactions via la proximité géographique, la globalisation des activités de services supérieurs, le climat des affaires et deux combinaisons de ces schémas. Les modèles spatiaux estimés permettent d’analyser les effets des facteurs de croissance en termes de spillovers et d’externalités. Nous montrons que si les déterminants de la croissance des villes européennes sont essentiellement d’ordre local, les interdépendances entre les villes accentuent les processus de convergence et de divergence. Les impacts manifestes du capital de connaissance sur la croissance des villes ne sont cependant pas fondamentalement différents selon la géographie, le climat institutionnel, les réseaux des firmes multinationales et leurs formes d’interactions.

Suggested Citation

  • Catherine BAUMONT & Rachel GUILLAIN, 2013. "Interactions, Spillovers De Connaissance Et Croissance Des Villes Européennes - Quel Est Le Rôle De La Géographie, Du Climat Institutionnel Et Des Réseaux Des Firmes Multinationales ?," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 38, pages 161-207.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:38:y:2013:p:161-207
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    CROISSANCE URBAINE; INSTITUTIONS; ÉCONOMÉTRIE SPATIALE; RÉSEAUX DES FIRMES MULTINATIONALES; SPILLOVERS;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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