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Interactions, Spillovers De Connaissance Et Croissance Des Villes Européennes - Quel Est Le Rôle De La Géographie, Du Climat Institutionnel Et Des Réseaux Des Firmes Multinationales ?

  • Catherine BAUMONT

    ()

    (LEDi UMR CNRS 6307, Université de Bourgogne)

  • Rachel GUILLAIN

    ()

    (LEDi UMR CNRS 6307, Université de Bourgogne)

Nous étudions si les spillovers entre les économies urbaines associés aux externalités de connaissance existent et quels sont leurs impacts sur la croissance économique de 82 villes européennes sur la période 1990-2005. Nous modélisons les spillovers entre les villes en distinguant cinq schémas d’interactions via la proximité géographique, la globalisation des activités de services supérieurs, le climat des affaires et deux combinaisons de ces schémas. Les modèles spatiaux estimés permettent d’analyser les effets des facteurs de croissance en termes de spillovers et d’externalités. Nous montrons que si les déterminants de la croissance des villes européennes sont essentiellement d’ordre local, les interdépendances entre les villes accentuent les processus de convergence et de divergence. Les impacts manifestes du capital de connaissance sur la croissance des villes ne sont cependant pas fondamentalement différents selon la géographie, le climat institutionnel, les réseaux des firmes multinationales et leurs formes d’interactions.

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Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

Volume (Year): 38 (2013)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 161-207

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Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:38:y:2013:p:161-207
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