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The Geography of Inventive Activity in OECD Regions

  • Stefano Usai

Usai S. The geography of inventive activity in OECD regions, Regional Studies. This work is among the first systematic attempts to analyse comparatively the distribution of inventive activity across regions in OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) economies with a set of homogenous measures to measure the process of knowledge production and dissemination. The descriptive analysis shows that inventive performance is concentrated in some regions in Continental Europe, North America and Japan. Highly inventive regions tend to cluster together. This spatial dependence is found to have increased over time. The inventive performance of regions is directly influenced by the availability of human capital and research and development expenditure. Local agglomeration factors are also found to have a significant impact, while some negative effects appear when regions are mainly rural or when they are mainly service-oriented. [image omitted] Usai S. La geographie de l'activite innovatrice dans les regions de l'OCDE, Regional Studies. Cette etude represente l'une des premieres tentatives systematiques d'analyser comparativement la distribution de l'activite innovatrice a travers les regions des economies de l'Organisation de cooperation et de developpement economique (OCDE) a partir d'un ensemble de mesures homogenes afin d'evaluer le processus de production et de diffusion de la connaissance. L'analyse descriptive montre que l'esprit d'innovation se concentre dans certaines regions situees en Europe continentale, en Amerique du Nord et au Japon. Les regions a forte intensite d'innovation ont tendance a s'agglomerer. Il s'avere que cette dependance geographique a augmente dans le temps. L'esprit d'innovation des regions est en correlation etroite avec la disponibilite du capital humain et des depenses en faveur de la recherche et du developpement. Il s'avere aussi que les facteurs d'agglomeration ont un impact non-negligeable, tandis que certains effets negatifs sont evidents lorsque les regions sont situees principalement en milieu rural ou quand elles sont orientees plutot vers les services. Activite innovatrice Analyse geographique Organisation de cooperation et de developpement economqiue (OECD) Fonction de production de la connaissance Usai S. Geografie der Erfindungsaktivitat in OECD-Regionen, Regional Studies. Dieser Beitrag ist einer der ersten systematischen Versuche einer vergleichenden Analyse der Verteilung der Erfindungsaktivitat in den verschiedenen Regionen der Wirtschaftsraume der Organisation fur wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (OECD) mit Hilfe einer Reihe von homogenen Massstaben zur Messung des Prozesses der Wissenserzeugung und -verbreitung. Aus der beschreibenden Analyse geht hervor, dass sich die Erfindungsleistung auf bestimmte Regionen von Kontinentaleuropa, Nordamerika und Japan konzentriert. Hochgradig erfinderische Regionen bilden in der Regel Cluster. Diese raumliche Abhangigkeit hat sich im Laufe der Zeit verstarkt. Die Erfindungsleistung von Regionen wird unmittelbar durch die Verfugbarkeit von Humankapital und durch die Ausgaben fur Forschung und Entwicklung beeinflusst. Auch lokale Agglomerationsfaktoren haben eine signifikante Auswirkung, wahrend einige negative Effekte auftreten, wenn die Regionen uberwiegend landlich oder dienstleistungsorientiert geartet sind. Innovative Aktivitat Raumanalyse Regionen der Organisation fur wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (OECD) Wissensproduktionsfunktion Usai S. La geografia de la actividad inventiva en las regiones de la OCDE, Regional Studies. Este trabajo es uno de los primeros intentos sistematicos de analizar comparativamente la distribucion de la actividad inventiva en las regiones de las economias de la Organizacion para la Cooperacion y el Desarrollo Economico (OCDE) con ayuda de una serie de medidas homogeneas para medir el proceso de la produccion y difusion del conocimiento. En el analisis descriptivo se demuestra que el desempeno inventivo se concentra en algunas regiones en Europa continental, Norteamerica y Japon. Las regiones altamente inventivas tienden a aglomerarse. Se observa que esta dependencia espacial ha aumentado con el tiempo. El desempeno inventivo de las regiones esta directamente influido por la disponibilidad de capital humano y los gastos para investigacion y desarrollo. Asimismo se observa que los factores de aglomeracion locales tienen un impacto significativo mientras que algunos efectos negativos aparecen cuando las regiones son principalmente rurales o cuando estan sobre todo orientadas en los servicios. Actividad innovadora Analisis espacial Regiones de la Organizacion para la Cooperacion y el Desarrollo Economico (OCDE) Funcion de la produccion de conocimiento

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 711-731

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:6:p:711-731
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