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Production of University Technological Knowledge in European Regions: Evidence from Patent Data

Listed author(s):
  • Manuel Acosta
  • Daniel Coronado
  • M. Dolores Leon
  • M. Angeles Martinez

Acosta M., Coronado D., Leon M. D. and Martinez M. A. Production of university technological knowledge in European regions: evidence from patent data, Regional Studies. This paper explores the European regional distribution of the production of new technological knowledge generated by universities, as measured by patent counts. The empirical basis for this study is a unique panel data set of 4580 European university patents from 1998 to 2004. The main findings were a strong regional and sectoral concentration of patents, and no average relation between university technological specialization and industrial specialization. Furthermore, the results suggest that variations in regional research and development funding do affect patenting activities in regions, with elasticities showing constant returns to scale, but no evidence was found regarding the industrial potential of the region encouraging the production of new university technological knowledge. [image omitted] Acosta M., Coronado D., Leon M. D. et Martinez M. A. La production de la connaissance technologique universitaire dans les regions europeennes: des preuves provenant des donnees sur les brevets, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a examiner la distribution regionale europeenne de la production de la nouvelle connaissance technologique universitaire en fonction du nombre de brevets. La base empirique de cette etude est un unique ensemble de donnees provenant d'une enquete par panel pour 4.580 brevets deposes par des universites europeennes entre 1998 et 2004. Il en a resulte principalement une forte concentration regionale et sectorielle des brevets et aucun rapport moyen entre la specialisation technologique universitaire et la specialisation industrielle. Qui plus est, les resultats laissent supposer que la variation du financement regional pour la R et D influent sur les activites regionales brevetables, dont les elasticites montrent des rendements d'echelle constants, mais il n'y avait pas de preuves quant a une correlation etroite entre le potentiel industriel de la region et la production de la nouvelle connaissance technologique universitaire. Regions europeennes Production de la connaissance Brevets universitaires Specialisation technologique Acosta M., Coronado D., Leon M. D. und Martinez M. A. Die Produktion von universitarem technischem Wissen in europaischen Regionen: Belege von Patentdaten, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag wird die regionale Verteilung der Produktion von neuem technischem Wissen, das von Universitaten in Europa erzeugt wird, anhand der Anzahl der Patente untersucht. Die empirische Grundlage fur diese Studie bildet ein eindeutiger Paneldatensatz mit 4580 Patenten europaischer Universitaten aus der Zeit von 1998 bis 2004. Unsere wichtigsten Ergebnisse waren eine ausgepragte regionale und sektorale Konzentration der Patente sowie keine durchschnittliche Beziehung zwischen der technischen Spezialisierung der Universitaten und der industriellen Spezialisierung. Daruber hinaus weisen unsere Ergebnisse darauf hin, dass sich Abweichungen in der Finanzierung der regionalen Forschung und Entwicklung auf die Patentaktivitaten in den Regionen auswirken, wobei die Elastizitaten einen konstanten Skalenertrag aufweisen. Hingegen wurden keinerlei Belege hinsichtlich des industriellen Potenzials der Region zur Forderung der Produktion von neuem technischem Wissen der Universitaten gefunden. Europaische Regionen Wissensproduktion Universitare Patente Technische Spezialisierung Acosta M., Coronado D., Leon M. D. et Martinez M. A. La produccion de conocimiento tecnologico universitario en las regiones europeas: evidencia a partir de las patentes, Regional Studies. En este articulo exploramos la distribucion regional en Europa de la produccion de conocimiento tecnologico generado en las universidades, medido a traves de las patentes. La base empirica para este estudio consiste en un conjunto de 4.580 patentes universitarias europeas con fecha de solicitud desde 1998 hasta 2004. Nuestros principales resultados se resumen en una fuerte concentracion regional y sectorial de patentes, con una relacion media inexistente entre especializacion tecnologica universitaria y especializacion industrial. Ademas los modelos sugieren que variaciones en los fondos regionales de I + D influyen en la produccion de patentes universitarias, con elasticidades que muestran rendimientos constantes a escala; sin embargo, no se obtuvieron evidencias de la capacidad del potencial industrial de la region para estimular la produccion de conocimiento tecnologico universitario. Regiones europeas Produccion de conocimiento Patentes universitarias Especializacion tecnologica

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
Issue (Month): 9 ()
Pages: 1167-1181

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:9:p:1167-1181
DOI: 10.1080/00343400802154573
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