IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Technological Enclaves and Industrial Districts: An Analysis of the Regional Distribution of Innovative Activity in Europe

  • Raffaele Paci
  • Stefano Usai

PACI R. and USAI S. (2000) Technological enclaves and industrial districts: an analysis of the regional distribution of innovative activity in Europe, Reg. Studies 34 , 97-114. This paper explores the spatial distribution of innovative and productive activity across 109 regions of the European Union, using an original statistical databank on regional patents. The main results are the following. First, technological activity in the EU appears to be highly concentrated, although concentration tended to decline over the 1980s. Second, as expected, there is a positive association between the regional distribution of innovative activity and labour productivity. Third, we have shown that spatial and sectoral specialization of innovative and productive activities is significantly and positively correlated. PACI R. et USAI S. (2000) Enclaves technologiques et districts industriels: une analyse de la distribution regionale de l'innovation en Europe, Reg. Studies 34 , 97-114. A partir d'une banque de donnees novatrice sur les brevets regionaux, cet article examine la distribution spatiale des activites a caractere innovateur et productif a travers 109 regions de l'Union europeenne. On en a tire les conclusions suivantes. Primo, il semble que l'activite a caractere technologique au sein de l'Ue est extremement concentree, bien que la concentration eut tendance a diminuer dans les annees 80. Secundo, il existe, comme prevu, une correlation etroite entre la distribution regionale de l'activite a caractere innovateur et la productivite du travail. Tertio, il s'avere que les specialisations spatiale et sectorielle des activites a caractere innovateur et productif sont en correlation etroite. PACI R. und USAI S. (2000) Technologische Enklaven und Industriedistrikte, Reg. Studies 34 , 97-114. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht die raumliche Verteilung innovativer und produktiver Aktivitat in 109 Gebieten der Europaischen Union (EU), wobei sie sich auf statistische Originalangaben stutzt. Die Hauptergebnisse waren: erstens, technologische Betatigung in der EU scheint stark konzentriert zu sein, obschon eine Tendenz zum Nachlassen der Konzentrierung im Laufe der achtziger Jahre zu beobachten war; zweitens gibt es, wie zu erwarten war, einen positiven Zusammenhang zwischen regionaler Verteilung innovativer Betatigung und Produktivitat der Arbeiterschaft; drittens zeigen die Autoren auf, dass raumliche und fachliche Spezialisierung auf innovative und produktive Betatigung erheblich und positiv aufeinander bezogen sind.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00343400050006032
Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 97-114

as
in new window

Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:2:p:97-114
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/CRES20

Order Information: Web: http://www.tandfonline.com/pricing/journal/CRES20

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Daniel Coronado Guerrero & Manuel Acosta Sero, 1997. "Spatial Distribution of Patents in Spain: Determining Factors and Consequences on Regional Development," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(4), pages 381-390.
  2. Fagerberg, Jan, 1994. "Technology and International Differences in Growth Rates," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 1147-75, September.
  3. Raffaele Paci, 1997. "More similar and less equal: Economic growth in the European regions," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 133(4), pages 609-634, December.
  4. Ariel Pakes & Zvi Griliches, 1980. "Patents and R and D at the Firm Level: A First Look," NBER Working Papers 0561, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Pavitt, Keith, 1984. "Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 343-373, December.
  6. Jaffe, Adam B & Trajtenberg, Manuel & Henderson, Rebecca, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-98, August.
  7. Tamura, Robert, 1996. "Regional economies and market integration," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 825-845, May.
  8. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-40, June.
  9. Stefano Breschi, 2000. "The Geography of Innovation: A Cross-sector Analysis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 213-229.
  10. repec:fth:harver:1473 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey," NBER Chapters, in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 287-343 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Brusco, Sebastiano, 1982. "The Emilian Model: Productive Decentralisation and Social Integration," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(2), pages 167-84, June.
  13. Jan Fagerberg & Bart Verspagen, 1996. "Heading for Divergence? Regional Growth in Europe Reconsidered," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(3), pages 431-448, 09.
  14. Sergio Nardis & Alessandro Goglio & Marco Malgarini, 1996. "Regional specialization and shocks in Europe: Some evidence from regional data," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 132(2), pages 197-214, September.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:2:p:97-114. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Michael McNulty)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.