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Technological Enclaves and Industrial Districts: An Analysis of the Regional Distribution of Innovative Activity in Europe

Listed author(s):
  • Raffaele Paci
  • Stefano Usai

PACI R. and USAI S. (2000) Technological enclaves and industrial districts: an analysis of the regional distribution of innovative activity in Europe, Reg. Studies 34 , 97-114. This paper explores the spatial distribution of innovative and productive activity across 109 regions of the European Union, using an original statistical databank on regional patents. The main results are the following. First, technological activity in the EU appears to be highly concentrated, although concentration tended to decline over the 1980s. Second, as expected, there is a positive association between the regional distribution of innovative activity and labour productivity. Third, we have shown that spatial and sectoral specialization of innovative and productive activities is significantly and positively correlated. PACI R. et USAI S. (2000) Enclaves technologiques et districts industriels: une analyse de la distribution regionale de l'innovation en Europe, Reg. Studies 34 , 97-114. A partir d'une banque de donnees novatrice sur les brevets regionaux, cet article examine la distribution spatiale des activites a caractere innovateur et productif a travers 109 regions de l'Union europeenne. On en a tire les conclusions suivantes. Primo, il semble que l'activite a caractere technologique au sein de l'Ue est extremement concentree, bien que la concentration eut tendance a diminuer dans les annees 80. Secundo, il existe, comme prevu, une correlation etroite entre la distribution regionale de l'activite a caractere innovateur et la productivite du travail. Tertio, il s'avere que les specialisations spatiale et sectorielle des activites a caractere innovateur et productif sont en correlation etroite. PACI R. und USAI S. (2000) Technologische Enklaven und Industriedistrikte, Reg. Studies 34 , 97-114. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht die raumliche Verteilung innovativer und produktiver Aktivitat in 109 Gebieten der Europaischen Union (EU), wobei sie sich auf statistische Originalangaben stutzt. Die Hauptergebnisse waren: erstens, technologische Betatigung in der EU scheint stark konzentriert zu sein, obschon eine Tendenz zum Nachlassen der Konzentrierung im Laufe der achtziger Jahre zu beobachten war; zweitens gibt es, wie zu erwarten war, einen positiven Zusammenhang zwischen regionaler Verteilung innovativer Betatigung und Produktivitat der Arbeiterschaft; drittens zeigen die Autoren auf, dass raumliche und fachliche Spezialisierung auf innovative und produktive Betatigung erheblich und positiv aufeinander bezogen sind.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 97-114

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:2:p:97-114
DOI: 10.1080/00343400050006032
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  1. Fagerberg, Jan, 1994. "Technology and International Differences in Growth Rates," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 1147-1175, September.
  2. Stefano Breschi, 2000. "The Geography of Innovation: A Cross-sector Analysis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 213-229.
  3. Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg & Rebecca Henderson, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-598.
  4. repec:fth:harver:1473 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Pavitt, Keith, 1984. "Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 343-373, December.
  6. Daniel Coronado Guerrero & Manuel Acosta Sero, 1997. "Spatial Distribution of Patents in Spain: Determining Factors and Consequences on Regional Development," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(4), pages 381-390.
  7. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey," NBER Chapters,in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 287-343 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-640, June.
  9. Tamura, Robert, 1996. "Regional economies and market integration," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 825-845, May.
  10. Jan Fagerberg & Bart Verspagen, 1996. "Heading for Divergence? Regional Growth in Europe Reconsidered," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(3), pages 431-448, September.
  11. Raffaele Paci, 1997. "More similar and less equal: Economic growth in the European regions," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 133(4), pages 609-634, December.
  12. Brusco, Sebastiano, 1982. "The Emilian Model: Productive Decentralisation and Social Integration," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(2), pages 167-184, June.
  13. Sergio Nardis & Alessandro Goglio & Marco Malgarini, 1996. "Regional specialization and shocks in Europe: Some evidence from regional data," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 132(2), pages 197-214, September.
  14. Ariel Pakes & Zvi Griliches, 1980. "Patents and R and D at the Firm Level: A First Look," NBER Working Papers 0561, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Bart Verspagen, 1999. "European 'regional clubs': do they exist, and where are they heading? On economic and technological differences between European regions," Chapters,in: Economic Growth and Change, chapter 9 Edward Elgar Publishing.
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