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Spatial Distribution of Patents in Spain: Determining Factors and Consequences on Regional Development

  • Daniel Coronado Guerrero
  • Manuel Acosta Sero

GUERRERO D. C. and SERO M. A. (1997) Spatial distribution of patents in Spain: determining factors and consequences on regional development, Reg. Studies 31, 381-390. Innovation and technological development are crucial factors in the economic growth of any country or region. In this paper we set out to analyse the provincial distribution of such activities by looking at the result of the innovative process: i.e. first patent application per province of residence of the applicant. We will consider the factors determining its behaviour by means of regression analysis. We will focus on one of the major instruments of governmental policy regarding technology: financial aid from the CDTI (Centre for Industrial and Technological Development). This variable contributes greatly to the technological development of the most innovative provinces, but the criteria of productivity and efficiency governing this variable render it an element which generates important territorial imbalances or differences. GUERRERO D. C. et SERO M. A. (1997) La distribution geographique des brevets en Espagne: les facteurs determinants et les consequences sur l'amenagement du territoire, Reg. Studies 31, 381-390. L'innovation et les avances technologiques sont des facteurs cles dans la croissance economique de n'importe quel pays et de n'importe quelle region. Cet article cherche a analyser la distribution geographique de telles activites en examinant les resultats du processus d'innovation: a savoir la demande d'un premier brevet par province de residence du demandeur. A partir d'une analyse de regression, on considere les facteurs determinants. On porte sur l'un des dispositifs majeurs de la politique du gouvernement a propos de la technologie: a savoir l'aide financiere provenant du CDTI (Centre pour le developpement technologique et industriel). Cette variable contribue sensiblement au developpement technologique des provinces les plus innovatrices, mais les criteres qui reglent cette variable, a savoir la productivite et l'efficience, le rend un element qui engendre d'importants desequilibres ou differences geographiques. GUERRERO D. C. und SERO M. A. (1997) Ra�umliche Verteilung von Patenten in Spanien bestimmende Faktoren und Folgeerscheinungen regionaler Entwicklung, Reg. Studies 31, 381-390 Innovation und technologische Entwicklung sind entscheidende Faktoren im wirtschaftlichen Wachstum eines Landes oder einer Region. In diesem Aufsatz wird versucht, die provinzielle Sreuung solcher Aktivita�ten durch Untersuchung der Ergebnisse des Innovationsprozesses, d.h. der ersten Patentanmeldungen pro Provinz, in der der Antragsteller wohnt, zu analysieren. Das Verhalten bestimmtender Faktoren soll mittels Regressionsanalyse untersucht werden. Die Aufmerksamkeit soll vorallem einem der Hauptinstrumente der Regierungspolitik bezu�glich Technologie gelten: der finanziellen Unterstu�tzung des Zentrums fu�r Industrielle und Technische Entwicklung (CDTI). Diese vera�nderliche finanzielle Hilfe tra�gt stark zu der technologischen Entwicklung der innovationsfreudigsten Provinzen bei, aber die Kriterien der diese Vera�nderliche bestimmenden Produktivita�t und Leistungsfa�higkeit machen es zu einem Element, das bedeutendes territoriales Ungleichgewicht oder Unterschiede bewirkt.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 31 (1997)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 381-390

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:31:y:1997:i:4:p:381-390
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