Heading for Divergence? Regional Growth in Europe Reconsidered
This article analyses regional growth in the European Union (EU) in the postwar period. We examine the levels and growth of per capita GDP for a sample of 70 regions, covering six of the EU Member States. We find that after a slow, but steady reduction of differences in GDP per capita across European regions during most of the post-war period, there are now some signs of a reversal in this trend. This does not imply that differences in levels of productivity and income across European regions are now reduced to a negligible level. Rather, the explanation is that other variables, notably R&D effort, investment support from the EU, the structure of GDP and differences in unemployment have had a diverging impact. We also find some support for the idea of a 'Europe at different speeds', with at least three different 'growth clubs' characterized by different dynamics, productivity and unemployment levels. Copyright 1996 BPL.
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Volume (Year): 34 (1996)
Issue (Month): 3 (09)
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