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The Geography of Innovation: A Cross-sector Analysis

  • Stefano Breschi

BRESCHI S. (2000) The geography of innovation: a cross-sector analysis, Reg. Studies 34 , 213-229. This paper attempts to identify some broad empirical regularities in the geographical distribution of innovative activities. The basic hypothesis which is advanced is that spatial patterns of innovation vary greatly amongst sectors according to the specific features of the underlying technology, as summarized by the concept of technological regime. In order to verify such a hypothesis, an empirical analysis was carried out by using European Patent Office (EPO) data for the period 1978-91. Two main results emerge from such analysis. On the one hand, the empirical evidence shows the existence of remarkable differences across technological classes in the spatial patterns of innovation. On the other hand, one also typically observes the existence of quite remarkable similarities across countries in the spatial patterns of innovation within each technological class. BRESCHI S. (2000) La geographie de l'innovation: une analyse intersectorielle, Reg. Studies 34 , 213-229. Cet article cherche a identifier quelques facteurs constants empiriques generaux de la distribution geographique des activites innovatrices. L'hypothese fondamental avance affirme que la distribution geographique de l'innovation varie sensiblement suivant le secteur et en fonction des caracteristiques particulieres de la technologie sous-jacente, comme le resume la notion de regime technologique. Pour verifier un tel hypothese, une analyse empirique se voit effectuer a partir des donnees provenant de l'Institut europeenne de la propriete industrielle sur la periode de 1978 a 1991. De cette analyse il se fait jour deux resultats principaux. D'un cote, les preuves empiriques laissent voir la presence des ecarts remarquables dans la distribution geographique de l'innovation en fonction de la categorie technologique . De l'autre cote, on note aussi la presence des similarites considerables dans la distribution geographique de l'innovation au sein de chaque categorie technologique suivant le pays . BRESCHI S. (2000) Die Geographie der Innovation: eine Sektoren uberschreitende Analyse, Reg. Studies 34 , 213-229. Dieser Aufsatz versucht, grobe empirische Unregelmassigkeiten in der geographischen Streuung innovativer Tatigkeiten zu identifizieren. Die hier vorgestellte Hypothese besagt, dass raumliche Innovationsmuster von Sektor zu Sektor starke Abweichungen aufweisen, die auf spezifischen Zugen ihnen zugrundeliegenden Technologien beruhen, welche im Konzept technologischer Systeme zusammengefasst werden. Um solch eine Hypothese zu bestatigen, wird eine empirische Analyse mit Hilfe von EPO (Europaisches Patentamt) Daten fur den Zeitraum 1978-1991 durchgefuhrt. Sie erbrachte zwei Hauptergebnisse. Einerseits zeigt das empirische Beweismaterial, dass in den raumlichen Mustern der Innovationen beachtliche Unterschiede uber technologische Systemklassen hinweg bestehen. Andrerseits kann man auch typisch das Bestehen durchaus beachtlicher Ahnlichkeiten uber ganze Lander hinweg in den raumlichen Innovationsmustern innerhalb jeder einzelnen technologischen Klasse beobachten.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 213-229

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:3:p:213-229
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