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FDI Liberalisation, Firm Heterogeneity and Foreign Ownership: German Firm Decisions in Reforming India

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  • Holger Gorg
  • Henning Muhlen
  • Peter Nunnenkamp

Abstract

The paper investigates the role of firm-level productivity and industry-level R&D for multinational enterprises' (MNEs') choice of undertaking foreign direct investment (FDI), and the share of ownership in foreign affiliates. Two firm-specific datasets on German MNEs with varying equity stakes in Indian affiliates are used to account for the two-step decision process. The paper also analyses how German firm decisions were affected by the liberalisation of FDI regulations in India. Results show remarkable differences between the selection and the ownership share equation, and also between the pre-reform and post-reform periods. The evidence clearly reveals the trade-offs involved in selective FDI approvals and foreign ownership restrictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Holger Gorg & Henning Muhlen & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2010. "FDI Liberalisation, Firm Heterogeneity and Foreign Ownership: German Firm Decisions in Reforming India," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(8), pages 1367-1384.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:46:y:2010:i:8:p:1367-1384
    DOI: 10.1080/00220380903318053
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Frank Bickenbach & Wan-Hsin Liu & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2015. "Regional concentration of FDI in post-reform India: A district-level analysis," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(5), pages 660-695, August.
    2. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Carlos Pestana Barros & Bruno Damasio, 2013. "Foreign direct investment in the Asian economies," NCID Working Papers 10/2013, Navarra Center for International Development, University of Navarra.
    3. Dreher, Axel & Nunnenkamp, Peter & Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya, 2013. "The Role of Country-of-Origin Characteristics for Foreign Direct Investment and Technical Cooperation in Post-Reform India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 88-109.
    4. Holger Görg & Henning Mühlen & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2010. "Firm Heterogeneity, Industry Characteristics and Types of FDI: The Case of German FDI in the Czech Republic," Aussenwirtschaft, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science, Swiss Institute for International Economics and Applied Economics Research, vol. 65(3), pages 273-295, September.
    5. Peter Nunnenkamp & Rainer Thiele, 2013. "Financing for Development: The Gap between Words and Deeds since Monterrey," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 31(1), pages 75-98, January.
    6. Peter Nunnenkamp & Maximiliano Sosa Andrés, 2014. "Ownership Choices of Indian Direct Investors: Do FDI Determinants Differ between Joint Ventures and Wholly Owned Subsidiaries?," South Asian Journal of Macroeconomics and Public Finance, , vol. 3(1), pages 39-78, June.
    7. Liu, Wan-Hsin & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2011. "Domestic Repercussions of Different Types of FDI: Firm-Level Evidence for Taiwanese Manufacturing," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 808-823, May.
    8. Carlos Barros & Bruno Damásio & João Ricardo Faria, 2014. "Reverse FDI in Europe: An Analysis of Angola's FDI in Portugal," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 26(1), pages 160-171.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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