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Regional concentration of FDI in post-reform India: A district-level analysis

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  • Frank Bickenbach
  • Wan-Hsin Liu
  • Peter Nunnenkamp

Abstract

We analyze the concentration of foreign direct investment (FDI) in India at the district level, based on project-specific location choices since the reform program in the early 1990s. The decomposition property of the Theil index allows us to trace changes over time in the overall concentration of FDI to changes in concentration between and within subgroups of districts. We also differentiate between major types and sources of FDI. We find that FDI concentrated in a persistently decreasing number of districts. Concentration across those districts that received at least one FDI project within a given time interval also increased, but this increase leveled off in the more recent past. These trends hold for essentially all types and sources of FDI, while the average level of concentration varies considerably between these types and sources.

Suggested Citation

  • Frank Bickenbach & Wan-Hsin Liu & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2015. "Regional concentration of FDI in post-reform India: A district-level analysis," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(5), pages 660-695, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:24:y:2015:i:5:p:660-695
    DOI: 10.1080/09638199.2014.955869
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    Cited by:

    1. Shima'a Hanafy, 2015. "Patterns of Foreign Direct Investment in Egypt—Descriptive Insights from a Novel Panel Dataset at the Governorate Level," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201512, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    2. Frank Bickenbach & Wan-Hsin Liu & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2018. "How global is FDI? Evidence from the analysis of Theil indices," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 55(4), pages 1603-1635, December.
    3. Bickenbach, Frank & Mbelu, Asithandile & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2019. "Is foreign aid concentrated increasingly on needy and deserving recipient countries? An analysis of Theil indices, 1995–2015," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 1-16.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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