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Market deregulation, trade liberalization and productive efficiency in Bangladesh agriculture: an empirical analysis

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  • Ruhul Salim
  • Amzad Hossain

Abstract

The impact of trade liberalization and of market deregulation in general, on the performance of agriculture remains contentious and empirical issue in the literature. Following the random coefficient frontier modelling framework, this paper attempts to contribute to this debate by computing the farm-specific productive efficiency indices in Bangladesh agriculture before and after reform. It also examines the impact of some farm-specific and policy variables on productive efficiency. The empirical results show that there are wide variations in productive efficiency across farms and regions and the average efficiency of all regions increased modestly by 8 percentage points from the pre-reform to post-reform period. The efficiency differentials are largely explained by farm size, infrastructure, households' off-farm income and the reduction of government anti-agricultural bias in relation to trade and domestic policies. The implication of these results suggests the need for further policy reform to augment productive efficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Ruhul Salim & Amzad Hossain, 2006. "Market deregulation, trade liberalization and productive efficiency in Bangladesh agriculture: an empirical analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(21), pages 2567-2580.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:38:y:2006:i:21:p:2567-2580
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840500427585
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Antonio José Orozco-Gallo, 2015. "Eficiencia técnica de los hogares con producción agropecuaria en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 013903, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    2. Rivera Aedo, Edinson & Lakner, Sebastian & Brümmer, Bernhard, 2011. "Technical efficiency in the Chilean agribusiness sector," IAMO Forum 2011: Will the "BRICs Decade" Continue? – Prospects for Trade and Growth 10, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO).
    3. Talukder, Dayal & Chile, Love, 2014. "Characteristics of Rice Cultivation and Rural Rice Market in Bangladesh: Evidence from a Survey," Agricultural Economics Review, Greek Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 15(2), June.
    4. Amirul Islam & Ruhul Salim & Harry Bloch, 2016. "Does Regional Integration Affect Efficiency And Productivity Growth? Empirical Evidence From South Asia," Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(2), pages 107-122, July.
    5. Lakner, Sebastian & Brenes Muñoz, Thelma & Aedo, Edinson Rivera & Brümmer, Bernhard, 2013. "Technical Efficiency in the Chilean Agribusiness Sector – a Stochastic Meta-Frontier Approach," Proceedings Issues, 2013: Productivity and Its Impacts on Global Trade, June 2-4, 2013. Seville, Spain 152356, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.

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