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Análisis de eficiencia económica de fincas arroceras: una aplicación de una función determinística de ingresos brutos frontera

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  • à lvaro Ramírez Suárez

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Abstract

Resumen El análisis sobre la eficiencia económica de la producción de arroz riego a nivel de fincas, se centró en medir indicadores de eficiencia técnica, distributiva y económica usando una muestra de corte transversal, empleando el enfoque de funciones frontera determinísticas mediante la especificación y ajuste de una función de ingresos brutos. Los resultados empíricos soportan que, un agricultor promedio podría aumentar significativamente los rendimientos por hectárea hasta en un 53%, reducir los costos variables unitarios hasta en un 34.5% y aumentar las ganancias brutas antes de cubrir los costos fijos hasta en un 70% si usara y combinara los recursos de tierra, mano de obra e insumos al nivel de los agricultores más eficientes económicamente en la región. Al final, se plantean sugerencias con el objeto de cerrar brechas de rendimiento. ****** Abstract This paper aimed at ascertaining the level of technical, distributive and economic efficiency through cross sectional data from rice farmers’s fields. With this end in mind, a deterministic gross revenue frontier function approach was used. The empirical evidence supported the notion that an average rice farmer in this region could increase current rice yields up to 53%, reduce unit variable costs up to 34.5% and increase gross revenue (before covering fixed costs) up to 70% if He/she were to use and combine land, labor and purchased inputs at similar levels and fashions as those employed by bestpractice farmers in the sample. At the end suggestions are raised in order to bridgeyield gaps. Palabras clave Arroz de Riego; Eficiencia Productiva; Eficiencia Económica, Eficiencia Distributiva; Eficiencia Técnica;Irrigated Rice; Productive Efficiency; Economic Efficiency; Distributive Efficiency; Technical Efficiency

Suggested Citation

  • à lvaro Ramírez Suárez, 2013. "Análisis de eficiencia económica de fincas arroceras: una aplicación de una función determinística de ingresos brutos frontera," Revista Lebret, Universidad Santo Tomás - Bucaramanga, vol. 5, pages 213-240, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000385:013875
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Arroz de Riego; Eficiencia Productiva; Eficiencia Económica; Eficiencia Distributiva; Eficiencia Técnica; Irrigated Rice; Productive Efficiency; Economic Efficiency; Distributive Efficiency; Technical Efficiency;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets

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