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IPO underpricing in Italy

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  • L. Cassia
  • G. Giudici
  • S. Paleari
  • R. Redondi

Abstract

This article analyses the first-day return of 182 IPOs listed on the Italian Stock Exchange from 1985 to 2001. It finds a significantly mean positive underpricing (21.87%). Contrary to the evidence detected in the USA by Loughran and Ritter and Ljungqvist and Wilhelm, it highlights that on the main board of the Italian Exchange IPO underpricing decreased in the late 1990s. It claims that such a pattern can be accounted for by two determinants: (i) the evolution of pricing strategies, from fixed-price IPOs to bookbuilding, (ii) the segmentation of the Italian Exchange with the birth of a new board for high-growth and technology firms (Nuovo Mercato). It shows that IPOs are intentionally underpriced: both public and private information available at the IPO is only partially incorporated in pricing the shares. The results suggest that negative feedback learned during the preselling is more fully incorporated into the offer price than positive information. Finally, it shows that price revisions are partially predictable on the basis of public information at the time of the offering.

Suggested Citation

  • L. Cassia & G. Giudici & S. Paleari & R. Redondi, 2004. "IPO underpricing in Italy," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 179-194.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:14:y:2004:i:3:p:179-194
    DOI: 10.1080/0960310042000187333
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Antonio Acconcia & Alfredo Del Monte & Luca Pennacchio, 2011. "Underpricing and Firm’s Distance from Financial Centre: Evidence from three European Countries," CSEF Working Papers 295, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    2. Pennacchio, Luca & Del Monte, Alfredo & Acconcia, Antonio, 2010. "Underpricing and distance: an empirical analysis," MPRA Paper 20273, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Anna Vong, 2006. "Rate of subscription and after-market volatility in Hong Kong IPOs," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(16), pages 1217-1224.
    4. repec:eee:pacfin:v:46:y:2017:i:pb:p:258-268 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Beat Reber & Caroline Fong, 2006. "Explaining mispricing of initial public offerings in Singapore," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(18), pages 1339-1353.
    6. Vong, Anna P.I. & Trigueiros, Duarte, 2010. "The short-run price performance of initial public offerings in Hong Kong: New evidence," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 253-261.
    7. Baschieri, Giulia & Carosi, Andrea & Mengoli, Stefano, 2015. "Local IPOs, local delistings, and the firm location premium," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 67-83.
    8. Riccardo Ferretti & Antonio Meles, 2010. "Underpricing, wealth loss for pre-existing shareholders and the cost of going public: the role of private equity backing in Italian IPOs," Venture Capital, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 23-47, September.
    9. Boreiko, Dmitri & Lombardo, Stefano, 2011. "Italian IPOs: Allocations and claw back clauses," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 127-143, February.

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