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Do venture capitalists reduce underpricing and underperformance of IPOs?

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  • Yacine Belghitar
  • Rob Dixon

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to assess the effect of venture capitalists at Initial Public Offerings (IPOs). In so doing, a sample of Venture Capital (VC)-backed firms was compared with a sample of non-VC-backed firms. Consistent with the prevailing belief that venture capitalists reduce uncertainty at the offering, VC-backed IPOs are found to be less underpriced than non-VC-backed IPOs. Moreover, in multivariate analyses, venture capitalists affect negatively the degree of underpricing. Unlike previous studies, we control for the new listing and rebalancing biases in the analysis of the long term performance by comparing the IPO returns to carefully constructed size matched portfolios. Based on the calendar time and the event time approaches, the results show that both samples are underperforming the carefully constructed reference portfolios in the long term. The analysis also shows that the VC-backed IPOs do not outperform the non-VC-backed IPOs. The overall difference between both sets of IPOs is also not statistically significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Yacine Belghitar & Rob Dixon, 2012. "Do venture capitalists reduce underpricing and underperformance of IPOs?," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 33-44, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:22:y:2012:i:1:p:33-44 DOI: 10.1080/09603107.2011.597720
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gil-Alana, L. A. & Robinson, P. M., 1997. "Testing of unit root and other nonstationary hypotheses in macroeconomic time series," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 241-268, October.
    2. Gil-Alana, L.A., 2006. "Fractional integration in daily stock market indexes," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 28-48.
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    Cited by:

    1. Obrimah, Oghenovo A., 2016. "Information production within the venture capital market: Implications for economic growth and development," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 1-17.
    2. Anderloni, Luisa & Tanda, Alessandra, 2017. "Green energy companies: Stock performance and IPO returns," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 546-552.
    3. Dorsman, André & Gounopoulos, Dimitrios, 2013. "European Sovereign Debt Crisis and the performance of Dutch IPOs," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 308-319.

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