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The impact of hybrid public and market-oriented financing mechanisms on the scientific portfolio and performances of public research labs: a scientometric analysis


  • Mario Coccia

    () (National Council of Research of Italy, CNR-Ceris
    RAND Corporation
    United Nations University)

  • Greta Falavigna

    () (National Council of Research of Italy)

  • Alessandro Manello

    () (National Council of Research of Italy)


The scientific problem of this study is the analysis of the portfolio of outputs by public research labs in the presence of hybrid funding scheme based on public and market-oriented financing mechanisms. Research institutes are considered Decision Making Units, which produce two different kinds of scientific outputs using inputs. We consider some scientific outputs with more international visibility (High Visibility Outputs-HVOs) than others called Low Visibility Outputs (LVOs). We confront this problem by a scientometric approach applying models of the Directional Output Distance Function, which endeavours to measure and analyze the effects of hybrid financing of public research labs in terms of potential loss in high quality scientific outputs, in particular when the share of market-oriented funds is beyond a specific threshold. Results, considering R&D organizations of “hard sciences”, seem to show that a hybrid financing scheme, too market-oriented for supporting operation (and survival) of research labs, tends to affect scientific output portfolio by lowering scientific performances and HVOs. The study here also proposes a preliminary analysis of the optimal level of market financing in relation to total financial resources for a fruitful co-existence of market and public funding scheme to maximize the scientific output (publications) of R&D labs. The findings show main differences across scientific departments and some critical weaknesses points and threats by public research labs for production of scientific outputs.

Suggested Citation

  • Mario Coccia & Greta Falavigna & Alessandro Manello, 2015. "The impact of hybrid public and market-oriented financing mechanisms on the scientific portfolio and performances of public research labs: a scientometric analysis," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 102(1), pages 151-168, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:102:y:2015:i:1:d:10.1007_s11192-014-1427-z
    DOI: 10.1007/s11192-014-1427-z

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mario Coccia, 2017. "Disruptive technologies and competitive advantage of firms in dynamic markets," IRCrES Working Paper 201704, Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY - former Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY.
    2. Mario Coccia & Igor Benati, 2017. "What is the relation between public manager compensation and government effectiveness? An explorative analysis with public management implications," quaderni IRCrES 201701, Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY - former Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY.
    3. Mario Coccia, 2018. "The laws of the evolution of research fields," Papers 1805.03492,
    4. Mario Coccia, 2019. "Metabolism of Public Research Organizations: How Do Laboratories Consume State Subsidies?," Public Organization Review, Springer, vol. 19(4), pages 473-491, December.
    5. Igor Benati & Mario Coccia, 2017. "The relation between public manager compensation and members of parliament’s salary across OECD countries: explorative analysis and possible determinants with public policy implications," quaderni IRCrES 201702, Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY - former Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY.
    6. Mario Coccia, 2017. "General purpose technologies in dynamic systems: visual representation and analyses of complex drivers," IRCrES Working Paper 201705, Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY - former Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY.
    7. Mario Coccia & Matteo Bellitto, 2018. "Critical analysis of human progress: Its negative and positive sides in the late-capitalism," Papers 1804.09550,
    8. Mario Coccia & Barry Bozeman, 2016. "Allometric models to measure and analyze the evolution of international research collaboration," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 108(3), pages 1065-1084, September.
    9. Funk, Russell J. & Glennon, Britta & Lane, Julia & Murciano-Goroff, Raviv & Ross, Matthew B., 2019. "Money for Something: Braided Funding and the Structure and Output of Research Groups," IZA Discussion Papers 12762, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Mario Coccia, 2018. "National debts and government deficits within European Monetary Union: Statistical evidence of economic issues," Papers 1806.07830,
    11. Mario Coccia, 2018. "How do public research labs use funding for research? A case study," Papers 1805.11932,
    12. Driss El Kadiri Boutchich, 2020. "Factors with significant impact on efficiency of research laboratories: case of the public university," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 54(4), pages 1317-1333, August.
    13. Mario Coccia, 2017. "The relation between typologies of executive and technological performances of nations," IRCrES Working Paper 201701, Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY - former Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY.
    14. Mario Coccia, 2018. "General properties of the evolution of research fields: a scientometric study of human microbiome, evolutionary robotics and astrobiology," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 117(2), pages 1265-1283, November.
    15. Mario Coccia, 2019. "How do scientific disciplines evolve in applied sciences? The properties of scientific fission and ambidextrous scientific drivers," Papers 1911.05363,
    16. Mario Coccia, 2017. "Measurement of Economic Growth, Development and Under Development: New Model and Application," Papers 1704.05015,
    17. Mario Coccia, 2018. "Measurement of the evolution of technology: A new perspective," Papers 1803.08698,
    18. Mario Coccia, 2018. "Socioeconomic driving forces of scientific research," Papers 1806.05028,


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