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The long run relationship between private consumption and wealth: common and idiosyncratic effects

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  • Christian Dreger
  • Hans-Eggert Reimers

Abstract

We investigate the long run relationship between private consumption, disposable income and wealth approximated by equity and house price indices for a panel of 15 industrialized countries. Consumption, income and wealth are cointegrated in their common components. The impact of house prices exceeds the effect arising from equity wealth. The long run vector is broadly in line with the life cycle permanent income hypothesis, if house prices are allowed to enter the relationship. At the idiosyncratic level, a long run equilibrium is detected between consumption and income, i.e. the wealth variable can be excluded. The income elasticity in the idiosyncratic relationship is significantly less than unity. Hence, the presence of wealth effects in consumption equations arises from the international integration of asset markets and points to the relevance of risk sharing activities of agents. Without sufficient opportunities, an increase in national saving rates would be expected, leading to a lower path of private consumption expenditures.
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  • Christian Dreger & Hans-Eggert Reimers, 2012. "The long run relationship between private consumption and wealth: common and idiosyncratic effects," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 11(1), pages 21-34, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:portec:v:11:y:2012:i:1:p:21-34
    DOI: 10.1007/s10258-011-0075-y
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicholas Apergis & Beatrice D. Simo-Kengne & Rangan Gupta, 2013. "The Long-Run Relationship between Consumption, House Prices and Stock Prices in South Africa: Evidence from Provincial-Level Data," Working Papers 201326, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    2. Dimitrios Sideris & Georgia Pavlou, 2021. "Disaggregate income and wealth effects on private consumption in Greece," Working Papers 293, Bank of Greece.
    3. B. Venkatraja, 2018. "Dynamics of Aggregate Demand Factors in Macro Growth: An European Perspective," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 3-21.
    4. Wen Jun & Junaid Waheed & Hadi Hussain & Ihsan Jamil & Denisa Borbášová & Muhammad Khalid Anser, 2020. "Working women and per capita household consumption expenditures; an untouched reality," Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci/Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics and Business, vol. 38(1), pages 35-69.
    5. Ansgar Belke & Christian Dreger & Richard Ochmann, 2015. "Do wealthier households save more? The impact of the demographic factor," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 12(2), pages 163-173, June.
    6. Yener Coskun & Burak Sencer Atasoy & Giacomo Morri & Esra Alp, 2018. "Wealth Effects on Household Final Consumption: Stock and Housing Market Channels," IJFS, MDPI, vol. 6(2), pages 1-32, June.
    7. repec:zbw:rwirep:0338 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Ansgar Belke & Christian Dreger & Richard Ochmann, 2012. "Do Wealthier Households Save More? – The Impact of the Demographic Factor," Ruhr Economic Papers 0338, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    9. Raïsa Basselier & Geert Langenus, 2014. "Recent changes in saving behaviour by Belgian households : the impact of uncertainty," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue iii, pages 53-62, December.
    10. repec:nbb:ecrart:y:2014:m:december:i:iii:p:55-68 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Konstantina Manou & Panagiotis Palaios & Evangelia Papapetrou, 2019. "Housing wealth, household debt and financial assets: are there implications for consumption?," Working Papers 263, Bank of Greece.
    12. Konstantina Manou & Panagiotis Palaios & Evangelia Papapetrou, 2021. "Housing wealth, household debt, and financial assets: Are there implications for consumption?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 61(3), pages 1253-1279, September.
    13. Ersi Athanassiou & Ekaterini Tsouma, 2017. "Financial and Housing Wealth Effects on Private Consumption: The Case of Greece," South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics, Association of Economic Universities of South and Eastern Europe and the Black Sea Region, vol. 15(1), pages 63-86.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Permanent income hypothesis; Panel cointegration; Wealth effects; C23; E21; E32; G15;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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