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Does Electrification Spur the Fertility Transition? Evidence From Indonesia

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  • Michael Grimm

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  • Robert Sparrow
  • Luca Tasciotti

Abstract

We analyze various pathways through which access to electricity affects fertility in Indonesia, using a district difference-in-difference approach. The electrification rate increased by 65 % over the study period, and our results suggest that the subsequent effects on fertility account for about 18 % to 24 % of the overall decline in fertility. A key channel is increased exposure to television. Using in addition several waves of Demographic and Health Surveys, we find suggestive evidence that increased exposure to TV affects, in particular, fertility preferences and increases the effective use of contraception. Reduced child mortality seems to be another important pathway. Copyright The Author(s) 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Grimm & Robert Sparrow & Luca Tasciotti, 2015. "Does Electrification Spur the Fertility Transition? Evidence From Indonesia," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 52(5), pages 1773-1796, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:demogr:v:52:y:2015:i:5:p:1773-1796
    DOI: 10.1007/s13524-015-0420-3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tasciotti, Luca, 2017. "Use of electricity and malaria occurrence: Is there a link? The case of Malawi," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 310-316.
    2. Michael Grimm & Anicet Munyehirwe & Jörg Peters & Maximiliane Sievert, 2017. "A First Step up the Energy Ladder? Low Cost Solar Kits and Household’s Welfare in Rural Rwanda," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 31(3), pages 631-649.
    3. Fujii, Tomoki & Shonchoy, Abu S. & Xu, Sijia, 2018. "Impact of Electrification on Children’s Nutritional Status in Rural Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 315-330.
    4. repec:eee:ehbiol:v:28:y:2018:i:c:p:67-78 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Lorenzo Pellegrini & Luca Tasciotti, 2016. "The Electrification–Malaria Nexus: The Case of Rural Uganda," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 28(4), pages 521-535, September.
    6. Jacopo Bonan & Stefano Pareglio & Massimo Tavoni, 2014. "Access to Modern Energy: a Review of Impact Evaluations," Working Papers 2014.96, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fertility; Fertility transition; Family planning; Electrification; Television;

    JEL classification:

    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General

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