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Evolution of agricultural extension and information dissemination in Peru: An historical perspective focusing on potato-related pest control

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  • Oscar Ortiz

Abstract

Multiplicity and continual change characterize the Peruvian agricultural knowledge and information system (AKIS), reflecting changes in the agricultural sector as a whole. The evolution of these changes can be traced back to the pre-Columbian era when a relatively stable and well-organized system based on indigenous knowledge prevailed. During colonial (1532–1821) and early Republican times (beginning 1821) several changes affecting the agricultural sector contributed to a weakening of indigenous knowledge systems. During the 20th century extension services provided by the government and a variety of private organizations began to play an important role in the dissemination of information, albeit in an erratic way. Since the 1970s the system increased in complexity with the emergence of non-governmental institutions. Today government participation is limited and there is a more important participation by a number of NGOs and private organizations. This diversity of actors using different approaches has generated disarray in the information system owing to the lack of coherent policies to guide the interaction among actors. This paper uses the case of potato pest control-related information to illustrate changes in local knowledge systems. It differentiates pest control based on indigenous knowledge, chemical control, and integrated pest management (IPM) and explains how changes in the system have influenced the use of these three types of information in AKIS. Currently, the coexistence of different types of potato pest control information promoted and used by diverse and usually unconnected sets of organizations and individuals presents a challenge and requires inter-institutional action guided by clear policies to promote sustainable agriculture. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

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  • Oscar Ortiz, 2006. "Evolution of agricultural extension and information dissemination in Peru: An historical perspective focusing on potato-related pest control," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 23(4), pages 477-489, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:agrhuv:v:23:y:2006:i:4:p:477-489
    DOI: 10.1007/s10460-006-9014-4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Godtland, Erin M & Sadoulet, Elisabeth & De Janvry, Alain & Murgai, Rinku & Ortiz, Oscar, 2004. "The Impact of Farmer Field Schools on Knowledge and Productivity: A Study of Potato Farmers in the Peruvian Andes," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 63-92, October.
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    1. Faure, Guy & Davis, Kristin E. & Ragasa, Catherine & Franzel, Steven & Babu, Suresh Chandra, 2016. "Framework to assess performance and impact of pluralistic agricultural extension systems: The best-fit framework revisited:," IFPRI discussion papers 1567, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Higuchi, Angie, 2014. "Impact of a Marketing Cooperative on Cocoa Producers and Intermediaries: The Case of the Acopagro Cooperative in Peru," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 42(1), pages 1-20.
    3. Oscar Ortiz & Guillermo Frias & Raul Ho & Hector Cisneros & Rebecca Nelson & Renee Castillo & Ricardo Orrego & Willy Pradel & Jesus Alcazar & Mario Bazán, 2008. "Organizational learning through participatory research: CIP and CARE in Peru," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 25(3), pages 419-431, September.
    4. Ortiz, Oscar & Orrego, Ricardo & Pradel, Willy & Gildemacher, Peter & Castillo, Renee & Otiniano, Ronal & Gabriel, Julio & Vallejo, Juan & Torres, Omar & Woldegiorgis, Gemebredin & Damene, Belew & Kak, 2013. "Insights into potato innovation systems in Bolivia, Ethiopia, Peru and Uganda," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 73-83.
    5. Micheels, Eric T & Gow, Hamish R, 2013. "Market driven innovation and entrepreneurial behaviour: The strategic value of a market orientation in primary agriculture," International Journal of Agricultural Management, Institute of Agricultural Management, vol. 3(1), pages 1-9, October.
    6. Jianying Xiao & Yan Song & Heyuan You, 2020. "Explaining Peasants’ Intention and Behavior of Farmland Trusteeship in China: Implications for Sustainable Agricultural Production," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(14), pages 1-17, July.

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