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Percepcja korupcji na poziomie przedsiębiorstw w krajach postkomunistycznych

Listed author(s):
  • Andrzej Cieślik
  • Łukasz Goczek

Celem artykułu jest zbadanie zależności między charakterystykami przedsiębiorstw a stopniem postrzegania przez nie korupcji jako ważnej przeszkody w działalności. W artykule przedstawiono przegląd literatury na temat wpływu charakterystyk przedsiębiorstw na postrzeganie przez nie korupcji, a następnie przeprowadzono badanie empiryczne przy użyciu danych panelowych dotyczących działalności 25 tys. przedsiębiorstw w 27 krajach postkomunistycznych w latach 1999-2010. Badanie to umożliwiło identyfikację atrybutów firm, dla których korupcja może stanowić największy problem. Z przeprowadzonych badań wynika, że zjawisko to jest najbardziej dokuczliwe w przypadku przedsiębiorstw produkujących na rynek krajowy oraz przedsiębiorstw o prywatnym kapitale krajowym. Ponadto badanie wykazało, że trudności związane z korupcją nie mają związku z efektywnością czy z wielkością firmy. Natomiast duże znaczenie miał czas poświęcony osobistym kontaktom z urzędnikami oraz liczba kontroli państwowych prowadzonych w siedzibie danej firmy. Na tej podstawie w artykule przedstawiono rekomendację dla polityki gospodarczej - należy dążyć do depersonalizacji kontaktów przedsiębiorców z państwem, a także zmniejszenia ich częstości.

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File URL: http://gospodarkanarodowa.sgh.waw.pl/p/gospodarka_narodowa_2015_02_03.pdf
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Article provided by Warsaw School of Economics in its journal Gospodarka Narodowa.

Volume (Year): (2015)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 55-77

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Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2015:i:2:p:55-77
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Al. Niepodleglosci 162, 02-554 Warszawa

Phone: + (48)(22) 49 12 51
Fax: + (48)(22) 49 53 12
Web page: http://gospodarkanarodowa.sgh.waw.pl/
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  1. Johnson, Simon & Kaufmann, Daniel & McMillan, John & Woodruff, Christopher, 2000. "Why do firms hide? Bribes and unofficial activity after communism," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(3), pages 495-520, June.
  2. Jakob Svensson, 2003. "Who Must Pay Bribes and How Much? Evidence from a Cross Section of Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(1), pages 207-230.
  3. Hunt, Jennifer, 2007. "How corruption hits people when they are down," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 574-589, November.
  4. Braguinsky, Serguey & Mityakov, Sergey, 2015. "Foreign corporations and the culture of transparency: Evidence from Russian administrative data," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(1), pages 139-164.
  5. Joel Hellman & Mark Schankerman, 2000. "Intervention, Corruption and Capture: The Nexus between Enterprises and the State," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 8(3), pages 545-576, November.
  6. Vito Tanzi, 1998. "Corruption Around the World; Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures," IMF Working Papers 98/63, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Fisman, Raymond & Svensson, Jakob, 2007. "Are corruption and taxation really harmful to growth? Firm level evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(1), pages 63-75, May.
  8. Knack, Stephen, 2007. "Measuring Corruption: A Critique of Indicators in Eastern Europe and Central Asia," Journal of Public Policy, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(03), pages 255-291, December.
  9. Andreas Buehn & Friedrich Schneider, 2012. "Corruption and the shadow economy: like oil and vinegar, like water and fire?," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 19(1), pages 172-194, February.
  10. Olken, Benjamin A., 2009. "Corruption perceptions vs. corruption reality," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(7-8), pages 950-964, August.
  11. Chavis, Larry, 2013. "Social networks and bribery: The case of entrepreneurs in Eastern Europe," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 279-293.
  12. Vito Tanzi, 1998. "Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 45(4), pages 559-594, December.
  13. Lui, Francis T, 1985. "An Equilibrium Queuing Model of Bribery," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(4), pages 760-781, August.
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