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Моделирование Эффекта Переноса Валютного Курса На Цены В России // Modeling The Transfer Effect Of Exchange Rate On Prices In Russia


  • M. Tiunova G.

    (Lomonosov Moscow State university)

  • М. Тиунова Г.

    (Московский государственный университет им. М.В. Ломоносова)


The article examines the relationship between the dynamics of the exchange rate and prices in Russia in a volatile environment of foreign markets and the change of the monetary and credit policy of the Bank of Russia.The purpose of this work is to assess the transfer effect of the nominal exchange rate of the ruble on the prices for consumers and producers in 2002–2017 in general and in the periods of relative homogeneity of the monetary policy regime in Russia. The analysis was based on statistical data on the Russian economy for the period 2002–2017. The method of econometric modelling is used to quantify the observed effects. The study is based on the apparatus of structural vector autoregressions, evaluated using Bayesian methods. The structural identifcation of the model is carried out by the recursive ranking of variables and decomposition of structural shocks elaborated by André-Louis Cholesky. Bayesian regularization is based on the application of a combination of independent normal and inverse Wishart’s a priori distributions. Qualitative interpretation of the results is based on the analysis of the impulse response functions. The results of the study confrm the existence of a statistically and economically signifcant relationship between the dynamics of the exchange rate and prices in Russia during the last two decades. The effect of exchange rate shocks is immediate. We showed that the impact of the exchange rate on consumer prices has remained signifcant for several years. The reaction of producer prices is greater than the effect observed for consumer prices. A sample of data for 2014–2017 indicates adecrease in the effect transfer of exchange rate and proved the effectiveness of inflation targeting. The transition to the policy of inflation targeting has reduced the dependence of inflation processes in Russia on the external market conditions and global risks. В статье исследуется взаимосвязь между динамикой валютного курса и цен в России в условиях волатильной конъюнктуры внешних рынков и смены режима денежно-кредитной политики Банка России. Цель работы состоит в оценке степени эффекта переноса номинального обменного курса рубля на цены потребителей и производителей в 2002–2017 гг. в целом и на периодах относительной однородности режима монетарной политики в России. Анализ строится при помощи статистических данных по российской экономике за период 2002–2017 гг. Для количественной оценки наблюдаемых эффектов привлекается метод эконометрического моделирования. Исследование базируется на аппарате структурных векторных авторегрессий, оцененных при помощи байесовских методов. Структурная идентификация модели осуществляется путем рекурсивного ранжирования переменных и разложения структурных шоков по Холецкому. Байесовская регуляризация основана на применении комбинации независимых нормального и обратного Уишарта распределений в качестве априорных. Качественная интерпретация результатов основана на анализе функций импульсного отклика.Результаты исследования подтверждают наличие статистически и экономически значимой взаимосвязи между динамикой обменного курса и цен в России на горизонте двух последних десятилетий. Эффект шоков валютного курса проявляется мгновенно. Было показано, что влияние валютного курса на потребительские цены сохраняется значимым на протяжении нескольких лет. Реакция цен производителей превосходит по масштабу эффект, наблюдаемый для потребительских цен. Выборка данных за 2014–2017 гг. указывает на снижение эффекта переноса валютного курса и свидетельствует об эффективности инфляционного таргетирования (ИТ). Переход к ИТ позволил снизить зависимость инфляционных процессов в России от конъюнктуры внешних рынков и глобальных рисков.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Tiunova G. & М. Тиунова Г., 2018. "Моделирование Эффекта Переноса Валютного Курса На Цены В России // Modeling The Transfer Effect Of Exchange Rate On Prices In Russia," Финансы: теория и практика/Finance: Theory and Practice // Finance: Theory and Practice, ФГОБУВО Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации // Financial University under The Government of Russian Federation, vol. 22(3), pages 136-154.
  • Handle: RePEc:scn:financ:y:2018:i:3:p:136-154

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    References listed on IDEAS

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